Peripheral giant cell granuloma
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA DEFINITION
Peripheral giant cell granuloma is the most common of the giant cell lesions, which arises from the tooth bearing area of the jaw and appears as a purplish-red nodule.
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA CAUSES:
The causes of peripheral giant cell granuloma is unknown, although local irritation due to dental plaque or calculus, periodontal diseases, poor dental restorations, ill-fitting dental appliances or dental extractions.
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA SYMPTOMS:
Age: The lesion usuallyarises either during the mixed dentition period or during the third and fourth decade of life.
Sex: Definite predilection for females.
Site: from the interdental papilla in dentulous patients. Mandible is more frequently affected then maxilla
- Peripheral giant cell granuloma clinically appears has a small, exophytic, well circumscribed, pedunculated lesion on the gingival surface.
- It is usually painless, firm and lobulated.
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA DIAGNOSIS/ INVESTIGATIONS:
Peripheral giant cell granuloma has the potential to erode the underlying alveolar bone and on radiograph this type lesion often known as “peripheral cuffing” of bone.
- Pyogenic granuloma
- Traumatic neuroma
PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA TREATMENT:
Surgical excision with curettage.