Ocular anti infectives
OCULAR ANTI INFECTIVES
OCULAR ANTI INFECTIVES – INTRODUCTION
An agent that is capable of acting against infection, either by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright.
Ophthalmic anti-infectives are available as eye drops, gels or ointments and contain antibiotics or antiviral agents. These products are formulated especially to be instilled or applied in the eyes.
OCULAR ANTI INFECTIVES – INDICATION
Antibiotic eye drops either kill or inhibit the spread of bacteria. They are used to treat ophthalmic bacterial infections such as conjunctivitis or as prophylaxis to prevent infection after eye surgery.
Ophthalmic antivirals act by inhibiting viral replication. These antiviral eye drops are used to slow progression of viral eye infections caused by cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus.
OCULAR ANTI INFECTIVES – INFORMATION
The anti-infectives for the eye (topical) subcategory of medicines is also known as topical ocular anti-infective preparations.
Active ingredients used in anti-infectives for the eye (topical)
- Aciclovir (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
- Chloramphenicol (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
- Ciprofloxacin (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
- Framycetin sulfate (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
- Gentamicin (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
- Propamidine isethionate
- Tetracycline hydrochloride
- Tobramycin (anti-infectives for the eye (topical))
In most ophthalmic practices, surgical patients require prophylactic antibiotics before, during, and after surgery to decrease potentially pathogenic, bacterial flora. Because these patients will likely be elderly and suffering no acute symptoms, explaining to them the vital importance of compliance is paramount. Sporadic administration of topical antibiotics is a common cause of bacterial antibiotic resistance. Furthermore, because the drops often sting or irritate the eye, surgical staff members must make sure patients comply with the full regimen.