Measles Vaccine

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By Medifit Education

 

MEASLES VACCINE

Measles Vaccine 1

1.       TYPE OF DRUG – MEASLES VACCINE
Measles vaccine is a vaccine that is very effective at preventing measles.

 

2.       INDICATIONS (USE) – MEASLES VACCINE
Measles vaccine is given for protection against measles, the typical exanthematous fever of childhood. It is a live viral vaccine.

 

3.       MECHANISM OF ACTION (MOA) – MEASLES VACCINE
Measles Vaccine  may induce antibodies that protect against measles, mumps, and rubella.

 

4.       ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION – MEASLES VACCINE
It is available in lyophilized form as powder in a bulb. Diluent is distilled water & is available as a separate ampoule. It is available as monodose or as multidose containing 2 or 5 doses. The final volume of reconstituted vaccine is 0.5 ml per dose.

 

5.       ONSET OF EFFECT OR ACTION – MEASLES VACCINE
 
6.      DOSAGE (DOSING INFORMATION) – MEASLES VACCINE
He dose for any age is 0.5 ml administered subcutaneously, preferably into the outer aspect of the upper arm.

The recommended age for primary vaccination is 12 to 15 months.

Children first vaccinated when younger than 12 months of age should receive another dose between 12 to 15 months of age followed by revaccination prior to elementary school entry.

 

7.       HALF LIFE (DURATION OF ACTION) – MEASLES VACCINE
1-2 months

 

8.       ADVERSE EFFECTS OR SIDE EFFECTS – MEASLES VACCINE
Panniculitis, atypical measles, fever, syncope, headache, dizziness, malaise, and irritability. Fatalities have been reported with the polyvalent measles/mumps/rubella vaccine; however, causality has not been determined.

 

9.       CONTRAINDICATIONS – MEASLES VACCINE
  • Pregnancy: MMR vaccine and its components should not be administered to pregnant women.
  • HIV-infected children may receive measles vaccines if their CD4+ lymphocyte count is greater than 15%.

 

10.   DRUG INTERACTIONS – MEASLES VACCINE
11.     EXCRETION – MEASLES VACCINE
Urinary excreation.

 

Measles Vaccine 2

By Medifit Education

www.themedifit.in