HYPERGLYCEMICS – INTRODUCTION
Drugs used in diabetes treat diabetes mellitus by lowering glucose levels in the blood.
HYPERGLYCEMICS – INDICATION
Hyperglycemics treat diabetes mellitus Type 1 & 2.
HYPERGLYCEMICS – INFORMATION
Hyperglycemia is the medical term for high blood sugar, which arises due to the body’s inability to remove glucose from the blood so that cells can use it for energy. The condition usually only affects people with diabetes because these individuals have problems with insulin – the hormone required for glucose uptake.
Hyperglycemia is often found in diabetes mellitus. It occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it has to turn glucose into energy. Hyperglycemia may also occur in Cushing’s syndrome and other conditions.
What Causes Hyperglycemia?
A number of things can cause hyperglycemia:
- If you have type 1, you may not have given yourself enough insulin.
- If you have type 2, your body may have enough insulin, but it is not as effective as it should be.
- You ate more than planned or exercised less than planned.
- You have stress from an illness, such as a cold or flu.
- You have other stress, such as family conflicts or school or dating problems.
- You may have experienced the dawn phenomenon (a surge of hormones that the body produces daily around 4:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m.).
What are the Symptoms of Hyperglycemia?
The signs and symptoms include the following:
- High blood glucose
- High levels of sugar in the urine
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
Part of managing your diabetes is checking your blood glucose often. Ask your doctor how often you should check and what your blood glucose levels should be. Checking your blood and then treating high blood glucose early will help you avoid problems associated with hyperglycemia.
- Hyperglycemia is an abnormally high blood glucose (blood sugar) level.
- Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes (both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and prediabetes.
- Diabetes is the most common cause of hyperglycemia.
- Other conditions that can cause hyperglycemia are pancreatitis, Cushing’s syndrome, unusual hormone-secreting tumors, pancreatic cancer, certain medications, and severe illnesses.
- The main symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst and a frequent need to urinate.
- Severely elevated glucose levels can result in a medical emergency like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS, also referred to as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state).
- Insulin is the treatment of choice for people with type 1 diabetes and for life-threatening increases in glucose levels.
- People with type 2 diabetes may be managed with a combination of different oral and injectable medications.
- Hyperglycemia due to medical conditions other than diabetes is generally treated by treating the underlying condition responsible for the elevated glucose.