Hepatitis B Vaccine

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By Medifit Education

 

HEPATITIS B VACCINE

Hepatitis B Vaccine 2

1.       TYPE OF DRUG – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Hepatitis B is a serious infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus.

 

2.       INDICATIONS (USE) – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Babies born to mothers infected with HBV are vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine and injected with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG).

 

3.       MECHANISM OF ACTION (MOA) – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Simultaneous administration of certain live and inactivated pediatric vaccines has not resulted in impaired antibody responses or increased rates of adverse reactions. Separate sites and syringes should be used for simultaneous administration of injectable vaccines.

 

4.       ROUTES OF ADMINISTRATION – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Injection

 

5.       ONSET OF EFFECT OR ACTION – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
6.   DOSAGE (DOSING INFORMATION) – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Primary Vaccination:

Engerix-B(R):

Ages 19 and younger: Three doses (10 mcg each), IM, on a 0, 1, and 6 month schedule

Ages 20 and older: Three doses (20 mcg each), IM, on a 0, 1, and 6 month schedule

 

Recombivax-HB(R):

Ages 19 and younger: Three doses (5 mcg each), IM, on a 0, 1, and 6 month schedule

Ages 20 and older: Three doses (10 mcg each), IM, on a 0, 1, and 6 month schedule

 

7.       HALF LIFE (DURATION OF ACTION) – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Duration of action: Following a 3-dose series, immunity lasts 5-7 years

 

8.       ADVERSE EFFECTS OR SIDE EFFECTS – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
  • redness, pain, swelling, or a lump where the shot was given;
  • headache, dizziness;
  • low fever;
  • joint pain, body aches;
  • tired feeling; or
  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, constipation, diarrhea.

 

9.       CONTRAINDICATIONS – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Standard considerations.

 

10.   DRUG INTERACTIONS – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
Also tell the doctor if you have received drugs or treatments in the past 2 weeks that can weaken the immune system, including:

 

  • an oral, nasal, inhaled, or injectable steroid medicine;
  • medications to treat psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other autoimmune disorders, such as azathioprine (Imuran), efalizumab (Raptiva), etanercept (Enbrel), leflunomide (Arava), and others; or
  • medicines to treat or prevent organ transplant rejection, such as basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral, Gengraf), muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone), mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept), sirolimus (Rapamune), or tacrolimus (Prograf).

If you are using any of these medications, you may not be able to receive the vaccine, or may need to wait until the other treatments are finished.

 

11.     EXCRETION – HEPATITIS B VACCINE
hepatitis b vaccine is excreted in breast milk.

 

 

Hepatitis B Vaccine 1

 

By Medifit Education

www.themedifit.in