Female Reproductive System
By Medifit Education.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Anabolic steroids have following effects on Female Reproductive System
- Menstrual cycle irregularities
- Hypertrophy of clitoris
- Sexual desire increase
- Foetus retardation in pregnant women’s
ANDROGEN INCREASE (Testosterone) in FEMALES:
In the normal female body small amounts of testosterone are produced, and as in males, artificially increasing levels by administration of AS will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. An increase in circulating androgens will inhibit the production and release of LH and FSH, resulting in a decline in serum levels of LH, FSH, estrogens and progesterone. This may result in inhibition of follicle formation, ovulation, and irregularities of the menstrual cycle. The irregularities of the menstrual cycle are characterized by a prolongation of the follicular phase, shortening of the luteal phase or amenorrhea. Although these changes are generally more pronounced in younger women, large inter-individual responsiveness to anabolic steroids exists. The effects of AS dosages as generally used in sport, on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in females are hardly studied.
Other side effects of anabolic steroid use in females are increased sexual desire and hypertrophy of the clitoris. The few systematic studies that have been conducted suggest that the effects are similar to the effects in patients, treated with anabolic steroids.
PREGNANT WOMEN USE:
Anabolic steroids use by pregnant women may lead to pseudohermaphroditism or to growth retardation of the female foetus. Anabolic steroid use may even lead to foetal death. However, these side effects have not been studied systematically. It is likely that the severity of the side effects is related to the dosage, duration of use and the type of the drug.
ADDITIONAL SIDE EFFECTS:
Additional side effects of anabolic steroids specifically in women are acne, hair loss, withdrawal of the frontal hair line, male pattern boldness, lowering of the voice, increased facial hair growth, and breast atrophy. The lowering of the voice, decreased breast size, clitoris hypertrophy and hair loss are generally irreversible. Females using AS may develop masculine facial traits, male muscularity, and coarsening of the skin.
By Medifit Education.