ENZYMES – INTRODUCTION
Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An enzyme acts as catalyst for specific chemical reactions, converting a specific set of reactants (called substrates) into specific products. Without enzymes, life as we know it would not exist.
ENZYMES – INDICATION
Digestive enzymes, which are natural substances needed by the body to help break down and digest food. It is used when the pancreas cannot make or does not release enough digestive enzymes into the gut to digest the food. Depending on the amount of enzymes in your product, it may be used for indigestion, as a supplement, or as replacement therapy (e.g., in chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, cancer of the pancreas, after surgery on the pancreas or gut).
PEPs are used in people with pancreatic diseases such as
- Cystic fibrosis,
- Shwachman-Diamond syndrome,
- Chronic pancreatitis,
- Pancreatic cancer or tumors, or
- Removal of all or part of the pancreas.
Additionally, PEPs may be used in gastrointestinal disorders such as
- Celiac disease,
- Crohn’s disease, and
- In certain cases of poor digestion associated with deficiencies in pancreatic enzymes.
ENZYMES – INFORMATION
Enzymes are biomolecules that catalyze (i.e. increase the rates of) chemical reactions. Almost all enzymes are proteins. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process are called substrates, and the enzyme converts them into different molecules, the products. Almost all processes in a biological cell need enzymes to occur at significant rates. Since enzymes are selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among many possibilities, the set of enzymes made in a cell determines which metabolic pathways occur in that cell.
Oral digestive enzymes are complex proteins naturally produced by the body to help digest and breakdown the foods we eat. The pancreas is the organ responsible for making and secreting digestive enzymes. Oral digestive enzymes are used when the pancreas is unable to produce enough digestive enzymes.
The main digestive enzymes are
- Proteases for digesting proteins,
- Lipases for digesting fats, and
- Amylases for digesting carbohydrates.
These digestive enzymes are available in pancreatic enzyme products (PEPs).
Facts about Enzymes
There are three different types of enzymes – digestive, metabolic, and food enzymes.
Enzymes have a part in digestion, in the breaking down of vitamins or nutrients that you ingest, in building cells, and in reactions that transform energy into a usable source for the body.
Some of the enzymes that are vital to the digestive process include pepsin, and trypsin which help break down proteins in the digestive track, and convert them into amino acids.
Enzymes are organic compounds that are composed of amino acids.