Cherubism is a hereditary disease, which affects only the jaw bones and it is characterized by bilaterally symmetrical enlargement of mandible or sometime the maxilla
Cherubism is a hereditary disease, however, according to many investigator it can occur to the following reasons
- Anomalous development of bone
- Latent hyperparathyroidism
- Disturbance in the development of bone forming mesenchyme
Age: effects young individuals usually at the age of around 5years
Sex: More common in males than females
The disease follows the familiar pattern and several members of the same family may be affected
Bilateral, painless, Symmetric swelling develops in mandible or sometimes in maxilla that gives raise to typical chubby face.
Patient with Cherubism commonly exhibits increased chick fullness, expansion and whiting of the alveolar ridge, flatting palatal vault.
CHERUBISM DIAGNOSIS/ INVESTIGATION:
- The involved jaw bone radiographically shows well defined, multi locular, cyst like radiolucent areas with expansion and thinning of the cortical plates
- Radiographs also reveals displacement of the inferior alveolar canal or obliteration of the maxillary antrum in few cases
- Fibrous dysplasia of bone
- Hyper parathyroidism
- Gorlin Goltz syndrome
No treatment is required
Cherubism is a self-limiting disease that regresses spontaneously after puberty.