Cancer

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CANCER

By Medifit Education.

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Medifit Biologicals understands the pain and suffering of cancer patient and patients family.

Medifit Biologicals manages all types of cancers treatment in Mumbai, India, through the panel of super specialty oncologist and onco-surgeons. Patients from all over world gets high bench mark cancer treatment management, completely handled by Medifit Biologicals.

Medifit Biologicals provides following A to Z cancer treatment procedures in well-known hospitals of Mumbai.

Radiotherapy

Chemotherapy

Cancer surgery

Special diagnostic procedures including markers

 

CANCER OVERVIEW

Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery. Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumours and neoplasms.

One defining feature of cancer is the rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their usual boundaries, and which can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs. This process is referred to as metastasis. Metastases are the major cause of death from cancer.

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TREATMENT OF CANCER

Cancer treatment programmes

The main goals of a cancer diagnosis and treatment programme are to cure or considerably prolong the life of patients and to ensure the best possible quality of life to cancer survivors.

 

The most effective and efficient treatment programmes are those that: a) are provided in a sustained and equitable way; b) are linked to early detection; and c) adhere to evidence-based standards of care and a multidisciplinary approach.

 

Such programmes also ensure adequate therapy for cancer types that, although not amenable to early detection, have high potential for being cured (such as metastatic seminoma and acute lymphatic leukaemia in children), or have a good chance of prolonging survival in a significant way (such as breast cancer and advanced lymphomas).

 

DIAGNOSIS

The first critical step in the management of cancer is to establish the diagnosis based on pathological examination. A range of tests is necessary to determine the spread of the tumour. Staging often requires substantial resources that can be prohibitive in low-resource settings. Because of late diagnosis, however, a consequence of poor access to care, most patients have advanced disease in such settings.

 

Once the diagnosis and degree of spread of the tumour have been established, to the extent possible, a decision must be made regarding the most effective cancer treatment in the given socioeconomic setting.

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MAJOR TREATMENT MODALITIES

This requires a careful selection of one or more of the major treatment modalities – surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy – a selection that should be based on evidence of the best existing treatment given the resources available.

 

Surgery alone, and sometimes radiation alone, is only likely to be highly successful when the tumour is localized and small in size. Chemotherapy alone can be effective for a small number of cancers, such as haematological neoplasms (leukaemias and lymphomas), which can generally be considered to be widespread from the outset. Combined modality therapy requires close collaboration among the entire cancer care team.

 

BENIGN TUMOURS (NOT CANCER)

Benign tumours do not spread outside their normal boundary to other parts of the body. Some benign tumours are precancerous and may progress to cancer if left untreated. Other benign tumours do not develop into cancer. However, if a benign tumour continues to grow at the original site, it can cause a problem by pressing on nearby organs.

 

MALIGNANT TUMOURS (CANCER)

A malignant tumour is made up of cancer cells. When it first develops, this malignant tumour may be confined to its original site. This is known as a cancer in situ (or carcinoma in situ). If these cells are not treated, they may spread beyond their normal boundaries and into surrounding tissues, becoming invasive cancer.

 

HOW CANCER SPREADS

Sometimes cancer cells break off the primary tumour, enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system, and travel to a new organ to form secondary tumours. This is called metastasis.

 

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CANCER?

There are many different types of cancer, and usually they are named for the organ or cell type of the primary cancer. For example, bladder cancer starts in the bladder, prostate cancer starts in the prostate, lung cancer starts in the lung.

 

DIFFERENT TYPES OF CANCER CAN BE GROUPED INTO SEVERAL BROAD CATEGORIES

Carcinoma: cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs for example, melanoma

sarcoma: cancer that begins in bone, fat, muscle, blood vessel, or other supportive or connective tissue – for example, osteosarcoma

leukaemia: cancer that begins in the tissues that make blood cells, such as the bone marrow – for example, acute myeloid leukaemia

lymphoma and myeloma: cancers that start in cells of the immune system – for example, Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma

central nervous system cancer: cancer that begins in the brain or spinal cord – for example, glioma.

 

 

OTHER TYPES OF CANCER

Other, less common types of cancer that may develop in people with HIV/AIDS are Hodgkin’s lymphoma, angiosarcoma (a type of cancer that begins in the lining of the blood vessels), anal cancer, liver cancer, mouth cancer, throat cancer, lung cancer, testicular cancer, colorectal cancer, and multiple types of skin cancer including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

 

For diagnosis and treatment of cancer please contact Medifit Biologicals.

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By Medifit Education.

www.themedifit.in

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