355. Guitar Mastery Simplified

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355. Guitar Mastery Simplified

 

 

CATEGORY:Music, Mastering,Mixing & Writing – 400 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 355

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

Series introduction xiii
1 Introduction to desktop audio technology 1
1.1 About this book 1
1.2 Audio workstations 2
1.3 Audio and the computer industry 3
1.4 Audio and quality 3
2 Digital audio principles 5
2.1 Analog and digital information 5
2.2 Binary number systems 7
2.2.1 Basic binary 7
2.2.2 Negative numbers 9
2.2.3 Fixed- and floating-point representation 10
2.2.4 Logical operations 10
2.3 Basic A/D and D/A conversion of control information 11
2.4 A/D conversion of audio signals 13
2.4.1 Audio sampling 13
2.4.2 Filtering and aliasing 16
2.4.3 Quantisation 18
2.4.4 Relationship between sample resolution and sound quality 21
2.4.5 Use of dither 22
2.4.6 Types of dither 27
2.4.7 Oversampling in A/D conversion 29
2.4.8 Noise shaping in A/D conversion 30
2.5 D/A conversion 32
2.5.1 A basic D/A convertor 32
2.5.2 Oversampling in D/A conversion 33
2.6 Sound quality versus sample rates and resolutions 33
2.6.1 Psychoacoustic limitations 33
2.6.2 Sampling rate 34
2.6.3 Quantising resolution 37
2.7 Direct Stream Digital (DSD) 38
2.8 Changing the resolution of an audio signal (requantisation) 39
2.9 Dynamic range enhancement 41
2.10 Error correction 42
2.11 Introduction to digital audio signal processing 44
2.11.1 Gain changing (level control) 44
2.11.2 Crossfading 45
2.11.3 Mixing 46
2.11.4 Digital filters and equalisation 46
2.11.5 Digital reverberation and other effects 48
2.11.6 Dynamics processing 49
2.11.7 Sample rate conversion 50
2.12 Audio data reduction 51
2.12.1 Why reduce the data rate? 51
2.12.2 Lossless and lossy coding 52
2.12.3 MPEG – an example of lossy coding 53
2.12.4 Other data-reduced formats 56
Further reading 57
3 Recording, replay and editing principles 58
3.1 The sound file 58
3.2 RAM buffering 59
3.3 Disk drive performance issues 62
3.4 Allocation units or transfer blocks 64
3.5 Multichannel recording and replay 64
3.5.1 Multitrack or multichannel? 64
3.5.2 Inputs, outputs, tracks and channels 65
3.5.3 Track usage, storage capacity and disk assignment 66
3.5.4 Dropping-in 67
3.6 System latency 68
3.7 Principles of audio editing 69
3.7.1 Advantages of non-linear editing 69
3.7.2 Sound files and sound segments 69
3.7.3 Edit point handling 70
3.7.4 Crossfading 71
3.7.5 Editing modes 73
3.7.6 Simulation of ‘reel-rocking’ 77
4 MIDI and synthetic audio control 79
4.1 Background 79
4.2 What is MIDI? 81
4.3 MIDI and digital audio contrasted 81
4.4 Basic MIDI principles 82
4.4.1 System specifications 82
4.4.2 Simple interconnection 83
4.4.3 MIDI channels 84
4.4.4 Message format 84
4.5 MIDI messages in detail 85
4.5.1 Channel and system messages contrasted 86
4.5.2 Note on and note off messages 86
4.5.3 Velocity information 87
4.5.4 Running status 88
4.5.5 Polyphonic key pressure (aftertouch) 88
4.5.6 Control change 89
4.5.7 Channel modes 91
4.5.8 Program change 93
4.5.9 Channel aftertouch 94
4.5.10 Pitch bend wheel 94
4.5.11 System exclusive 95
4.5.12 Universal system exclusive messages 95
4.5.13 Tune request 96
4.5.14 Active sensing 96
4.5.15 Reset 97
4.6 MIDI control of sound generators 97
4.6.1 MIDI note assignment in synthesisers
and samplers 97
4.6.2 Polyphony, voice and note assignment 100
4.6.3 MIDI functions of sound generators 100
4.6.4 MIDI data buffers and latency 100
4.6.5 Handling of velocity and aftertouch data 102
4.6.6 Handling of controller messages 102
4.6.7 Registered and non-registered parameter numbers 105
4.6.8 Voice selection 106
4.7 MIDI tuning control 106
4.8 General MIDI 108
4.9 Scalable polyphonic MIDI (SPMIDI) 110
4.10 Standard MIDI files (SMF) 110
4.10.1 General structure of MIDI files 111
4.10.2 Header chunk 111
4.10.3 Track chunks 112
4.10.4 MIDI file track events 113
4.10.5 Time signatures and tempo maps 115
4.11 Downloadable Sounds (DLS) and SoundFonts 115
4.12 RMID and XMF files 117
4.13 SAOL and SASL in MPEG 4 Structured Audio 117
4.14 MIDI and synchronisation 118
4.14.1 Introduction to MIDI synchronisation 118
4.14.2 Music-related timing data 118
4.14.3 Timecode and synchronisation 121
4.14.4 MIDI timecode (MTC) 123
4.15 MIDI machine control (MMC) 125
4.16 MIDI over USB 128
4.17 MIDI over IEEE 1394 129
4.18 After MIDI? 130
Further reading 131
Useful websites 131
5 Hardware and systems issues 132
5.1 Storage media 132
5.1.1 Storage requirements of digital audio and video 132
5.1.2 Disk drives in general 133
5.1.3 Disk drive specifications 135
5.1.4 Magnetic hard disk drives 136
5.1.5 RAID arrays 138
5.1.6 Removable magnetic media 138
5.1.7 Optical disks in general 140
5.1.8 CAV and CLV modes in optical storage 141
5.1.9 The magneto-optical (M-O) drive 141
5.1.10 Phase-change optical recording 143
5.1.11 Compact discs and drives 143
5.1.12 DVD 145
5.1.13 Optical disc filing structures 147
5.1.14 Tape storage media 147
5.2 Peripheral interfaces 148
5.2.1 SCSI 149
5.2.2 ATA/IDE interface 151
5.2.3 PCMCIA 151
5.2.4 IEEE 1394 (Firewire) and USB 151
5.3 Filing systems and volume partitions 152
5.4 Formatting, fragmentation and optimisation of media 153
5.5 Audio processing and synthesis hardware 153
5.5.1 Introduction 153
5.5.2 Audio processing latency 155
5.5.3 DSP cards 155
5.5.4 Host-based audio processing 156
5.5.5 Integrated sound cards 156
5.5.6 Synthesis engines on sound cards 156
5.6 External synchronisation interfaces 159
5.7 User interfaces 159
5.8 Serial control interfaces 160
5.8.1 RS-232 and RS-422 160
5.8.2 The basic MIDI interface 160
5.8.3 MIDI connectors and cables 163
5.8.4 Interfacing a computer to a MIDI system 164
5.9 Drivers and audio I/O software 165
Useful websites 167
6 Audio formats and data interchange 168
6.1 Audio file formats 168
6.1.1 Introduction 168
6.1.2 File formats in general 169
6.1.3 Sound Designer I format 171
6.1.4 Sound Designer II format 171
6.1.5 AIFF and AIFF-C formats 172
6.1.6 RIFF WAVE format 173
6.1.7 WAVE-format extensible 175
6.1.8 Broadcast WAVE format 175
6.1.9 MPEG audio file formats 177
6.1.10 DSD-IFF file format 179
6.1.11 Edit decision list (EDL) files 180
6.1.12 AES 31 format 180
6.1.13 The Open Media Framework Interchange (OMFI) 182
6.1.14 MXF – the Media Exchange Format 183
6.1.15 AAF – the Advanced Authoring Format 184
6.2 Disk pre-mastering formats 185
6.3 Interconnecting audio devices 186
6.4 Computer networks and digital audio interfaces compared 187
6.5 Dedicated audio interface formats 189
6.5.1 Digital interface types 189
6.5.2 The AES 3 interface (AES 3) 189
6.5.3 Standard consumer interface (IEC 60958-3) 192
6.5.4 Carrying data-reduced audio over standard digital interfaces 194
6.5.5 Tascam digital interface (TDIF) 195
6.5.6 Alesis digital interface 195
6.5.7 Roland R-bus 196
6.5.8 Sony digital interface for DSD (SDIF-3) 196
6.5.9 Sony multichannel DSD interface (MAC-DSD) 196
6.6 Networking 197
6.6.1 Basic principles of networking 197
6.6.2 Extending a network 199
6.6.3 Network standards 200
6.6.4 Network protocols 202
6.6.5 Audio network requirements 203
6.6.6 ISDN 204
6.6.7 Protocols for the Internet 205
6.6.8 Wireless networks 206
6.7 Streaming audio over computer interfaces 206
6.7.1 Audio over Firewire (IEEE 1394) 206
6.7.2 Audio over universal serial bus (USB) 210
6.7.3 AES 47: Audio over ATM 212
6.7.4 CobraNet 215
6.7.5 MAGIC 215
6.7.6 MOST 216
6.7.7 BSS SoundWeb 216
6.8 Digital content protection 216
Further reading 218
Useful websites 218
7 Audio software 219
7.1 Sequencers 219
7.1.1 Introduction 219
7.1.2 Tracks, channels, instruments and environments 220
7.1.3 Input and output filters 221
7.1.4 Timing resolution 222
7.1.5 Displaying, manipulating and editing information 222
7.1.6 Quantisation of rhythm 224
7.1.7 Automation and non-note MIDI events 224
7.1.8 MIDI mixing and external control 226
7.1.9 Synchronisation 226
7.1.10 Synchronised digital video 226
7.2 Plug-in architectures 227
7.2.1 What is a plug-in? 227
7.2.2 Plug-in examples 228
7.3 Virtual instruments 229
7.4 Librarians and editors 231
7.5 Audio editing and post-production software 231
7.5.1 Sonic Studio HD 232
7.5.2 SADiE 233
7.6 Mastering and restoration software 235
7.7 Advanced audio processing software and development tools 235
7.8 Computer music software 237
Further reading 239
8 Operational and systems issues 240
8.1 Level control and metering 240
8.2 Spatial reproduction formats 242
8.2.1 Introduction to multichannel formats 242
8.2.2 4-channel surround (3-1 stereo) 242
8.2.3 5.1 channel surround (3-2 stereo) 244
8.2.4 Dolby EX 246
8.2.5 7.1 channel surround 247
8.2.6 Surround panning and spatial effects 248
8.3 Controlling and maintaining sound quality 249
8.4 Preparing for and understanding release media 252
8.4.1 CD-Audio 252
8.4.2 DVD 252
8.4.3 Super Audio CD (SACD) 255
8.4.4 MP3 256
8.4.5 MPEG-4, web and interactive authoring 257
8.5 Synchronisation 257
8.5.1 Requirements for synchronisation 258
8.5.2 Timecode synchronisation 258
8.5.3 Synchronisation to external audio, film or video references 259
8.6 System troubleshooting 259
8.6.1 Troubleshooting MIDI 259
8.6.2 Digital interface troubleshooting 262
8.6.3 Troubleshooting software 264
Further reading 264
Index 265

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ABOUT MEDIFIT ACADEMY CERTIFICATION COURSE:

Medifit Education Online Academy is an innovative, digital and engaging education platform that delivers fast track accredited courses and skills development courses instantly online, with no time limits, enabling individuals to study anywhere and anytime. We are proud to offer international standard courses that have helped our students build their careers across the globe.

HOW DO MEDIFIT ONLINE CERTIFICATE COURSES HELP?

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CATEGORY:Music, Mastering,Mixing & Writing – 400 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 30

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Medifit  Courses Demo Certificate 

48 hours delivery

| International acceptance | Medical based | Job oriented | Lifetime validity | Most economical |

 

555 INR Demo Certificate – 2 months duration

Demo Certificate – 6 months duration

48 hours delivery after fees payment

48 hours delivery after fees payment

 

Medifit 48 hours Delivery

  Get your Certificates delivered by online mode in 48 hours after Fees payment. We try to deliver certificates in 24 hours, but the committed delivery hours are 48. Its,

Pay Today &
get Tomorrow

procedure, only by Medifit.

LIFETIME VALIDITY

Medifit issues Lifetime validity certificates for all Online Courses provided. No need to renew the certificates every 2 or 3 years. All Courses Certificates of Medifit are having Lifetime Validity. No need to renew these certificates every 2 or 3 years.

 

What makes the certificates of Medifit to get it recognized Internationally?

Vast number of students applying for Job in international market of Fitness through Medifits Online Courses Certificates. And most importantly, the Medical standards maintained, helps to acquire jobs internationally. This gives very strong International acceptance to Certificates of Medifit Courses.

 

ABOUT MEDIFIT ACADEMY CERTIFICATION COURSE:

Medifit Education Online Academy is an innovative, digital and engaging education platform that delivers fast track accredited courses and skills development courses instantly online, with no time limits, enabling individuals to study anywhere and anytime. We are proud to offer international standard courses that have helped our students build their careers across the globe.

HOW DO MEDIFIT ONLINE CERTIFICATE COURSES HELP?

Short term Professional Courses International Standards courses Opens Global opportunities Career defining Courses Skill Development Programmes Knowledge in short span Learn at your own pace Certification of Completion Immediate Earning Opportunities Positive Social Impact Optimistic Psychological Benefits Improved Standard of Living Study from anywhere & anytime Very Economical Fees