257. Essentials Of Chinese Medicine

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257. Essentials Of Chinese Medicine

 

 

CATEGORY:Alternative Medicines 300 Courses

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Foreword ……………………………………………………………….. v
Preface ………………………………………………………………….. vii
Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………… xiii
Note on Organization of Volume 1 ………………………………………. xv
Contributors ……………………………………………………………. xxix
Part I Basic Theories of Chinese Medicine
Chapter 1 Formation of the Chinese Medicine Theoretical

System and Its Philosophical Basis ……………………….. 3
Section 1 Formation and Development of Chinese Medical Theory …… 3
I Initial Formation of the CM Theoretical System ………. 3
II Development and Enhancement of CM
Theoretical System …………………………………… 5
Section 2 Philosophical Basis of Chinese Medicine ………………….. 9
I Unity of Qi…………………………………………… 9
1 Concept of Qi and Its Main Contents ……………… 9
2 Features of Qi Transformation…………………….. 10
II Theory of Yin–Yang………………………………….. 11
1 Pervasiveness and Changeability of Yin–Yang …….. 13
2 Basic Contents of Yin–Yang Theory ………………. 13
3 Application of Yin–Yang Theory in CM …………… 17
III Theory of Five Elements ……………………………… 21
1 Basic Concept of Five Elements…………………… 21
2 Basic Contents of Theory of Five Elements ……….. 21
3 Application of Theory of Five Elements in CM ……. 27
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 31
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 31
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 31
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 32

Chapter 2 Chinese Medicine Methodology …………………………… 33
Section 1 View of Life in CM ……………………………………….. 33
I Essence is the Basis of Life …………………………… 33
II Union of Body and Vitality …………………………… 34
III Vital Qi Connecting with Universe ……………………. 34
Section 2 Concept of Illness in CM ………………………………….. 35
I Illness Can Be Studied ……………………………….. 35
II Functional Imbalance ………………………………… 35
III Struggle of Genuine-Qi and Evil-Qi…………………… 36
Section 3 Holism in CM …………………………………………….. 36
I Human Body as Organic Whole ………………………. 37
II Unity of Human Body and Universe ………………….. 38
III Unity of the Human Body and Social Circumstances ….. 39
Section 4 Inquiry Methodology in CM ………………………………. 39
I Holistic Systemic Method ……………………………. 40
II Classification by Analogy…………………………….. 40
III Inferring the Interior from the Exterior………………… 41
Section 5 Symptom Analysis in CM …………………………………. 42
I Treatment Selection Based on Symptom Analysis …….. 42
II Treating Same Illness with Different Methods
and Treating Different Illnesses with Same Method……. 43
Section 6 Health Preservation in CM ………………………………… 44
I Correspondence between Human Body
and Nature; Conforming to Nature ……………………. 44
II Preserving Both Body and Vitality; Nurturing
Zang–Fu Functions…………………………………… 45
III Activity and Quiescence ……………………………… 46
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 48
I Aims of Study ……………………………………….. 48
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 48
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 48
Chapter 3 Structure and Functions of the Human Body ……………… 49
Section 1 Visceral Manifestation Theory …………………………….. 49
I Formation of Visceral Manifestation Theory ………….. 49
II Characteristics of Visceral Manifestation Theory ……… 50
Section 2 Zang Viscera ……………………………………………… 51
I Heart (Including Pericardium) ………………………… 52
1 Physiological Functions of Heart ………………….. 52
2 Relationship of Heart to Other Organs and Tissues … 54
II Lung…………………………………………………. 56
1 Physiological Functions of Lung ………………….. 56
2 Relationship of Lung to Other Organs and Tissues…. 59
3 Throat as Gateway for Lung ………………………. 60

III Spleen ……………………………………………….. 60
1 Physiological Functions of Spleen ………………… 60
2 Relationship of Spleen to Other Organs
and Tissues ………………………………………. 63
IV Liver ………………………………………………… 64
1 Physiological Functions of Liver ………………….. 64
2 Relationship of Liver to Other Organs and Tissues…. 68
V Kidney (Including the Vital Gate) …………………….. 69
1 Physiological Functions of Kidney ………………… 69
2 Relationship of Kidney to Other Organs
and Tissues ………………………………………. 74
Section 3 Fu Viscera and Irregular Organs …………………………… 78
I Fu Viscera …………………………………………… 78
1 Gallbladder ………………………………………. 78
2 Stomach………………………………………….. 80
3 Small Intestine……………………………………. 81
4 Large Intestine……………………………………. 83
5 Urinary Bladder ………………………………….. 83
6 Sanjiao …………………………………………… 84
II Irregular Organs ……………………………………… 87
1 Brain …………………………………………….. 87
2 Uterus ……………………………………………. 88
Section 4 Relationships between the Zang and Fu Viscera ……………. 89
I Relationships among Zang Viscera ……………………. 90
1 Heart and Lung …………………………………… 90
2 Heart and Spleen …………………………………. 90
3 Heart and Liver …………………………………… 91
4 Heart and Kidney…………………………………. 93
5 Spleen and Lung …………………………………. 94
6 Lung and Liver …………………………………… 95
7 Lung and Kidney …………………………………. 96
8 Liver and Spleen …………………………………. 97
9 Liver and Kidney …………………………………. 98
10 Spleen and Kidney ……………………………….. 99
II Relationships between Zang and Fu Viscera…………… 99
1 Heart and Small Intestine …………………………. 100
2 Lung and Large Intestine …………………………. 101
3 Spleen and Stomach………………………………. 101
4 Liver and Gallbladder …………………………….. 102
5 Kidney and Urinary Bladder………………………. 103
III Relationships among Fu Viscera ……………………… 103
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 105
I Aims of Study ……………………………………….. 105
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 105
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 106

Chapter 4 Basic Substances of Vital Activities ……………………….. 107
Section 1 Qi ………………………………………………………… 107
I Concept of Qi………………………………………… 107
II Formation of Qi ……………………………………… 107
III Physiological Actions of Qi…………………………… 108
1 Promoting Action ………………………………… 108
2 Warming Action ………………………………….. 108
3 Defending Action ………………………………… 108
4 Stabilizing Action ………………………………… 109
5 Transforming Action ……………………………… 109
IV Patterns of Qi Movement …………………………….. 109
V Classification and Distribution of Qi ………………….. 110
1 Genuine Qi ………………………………………. 110
2 Thoracic Qi ………………………………………. 111
3 Nutritive Qi ………………………………………. 111
4 Defensive Qi……………………………………… 112
5 Summary ………………………………………… 113
Section 2 Blood …………………………………………………….. 113
I Basic Concept of Blood ………………………………. 113
II Formation of Blood ………………………………….. 113
1 Food Essence …………………………………….. 113
2 Kidney-Essence ………………………………….. 115
III Physiological Actions ………………………………… 115
IV Blood Circulation ……………………………………. 115
Section 3 Body Fluids ………………………………………………. 116
I Basic Concept of Body Fluids ………………………… 116
II Formation, Distribution and Excretion of Body Fluids …. 117
1 Formation of Body Fluids ………………………… 117
2 Distribution and Excretion of Body Fluids ………… 117
III Physiological Actions of Body Fluids …………………. 119
1 Moistening–Nourishing Action……………………. 119
2 Component of Blood ……………………………… 119
Section 4 Relationship Among Qi, Blood and Body Fluids …………… 119
I Relationship between Qi and Blood …………………… 119
1 Actions of Qi on Blood …………………………… 119
2 Actions of Blood on Qi …………………………… 120
II Relationship between Qi and Body Fluids …………….. 120
1 Actions of Qi on Body Fluids …………………….. 120
2 Action of Body Fluids on Qi ……………………… 121
III Relationship between Blood and Body Fluid ………….. 121
Section 5 Transformation of Qi ……………………………………… 122
I Basic Concept of Qi Transformation ………………….. 122
II Motive Force for Qi Transformation ………………….. 123
1 Kidney’s Primordial Yang as Source
of Motive Force ………………………………….. 123
2 Motive Force for Qi Transformation Is in Qi Itself …. 123

III Dynamics of Qi Transformation ………………………. 124
IV Main Patterns of Qi Transformation…………………… 125
1 Influence of Spleen and Stomach on Qi
Transformation …………………………………… 125
2 Influence of Lung and Liver on Qi Transformation … 126
3 Influence of Heart and Kidney
on Qi Transformation …………………………….. 126
4 Transformation of Sanjiao-Qi …………………….. 127
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 128
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 128
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 128
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 128
Chapter 5 Etiology in Chinese Medicine ……………………………… 131
Section 1 External Causes of Illness …………………………………. 132
I Climatic Pathogenic Evils ……………………………. 132
1 Introduction………………………………………. 132
2 Nature and Pathogenic Characteristics
of Climatic Pathogenic Evils ……………………… 133
II Pestilential Pathogenic Evils ………………………….. 142
Section 2 Internal Causes of Illness ………………………………….. 144
I Passions as Causes of Illness …………………………. 144
1 Relationship between Passions
and Qi-Blood of Zang–Fu Viscera ………………… 144
2 Characteristics of Passions………………………… 145
II Diet, Maladjustment of Work and Rest………………… 147
1 Impairment due to Improper Diet …………………. 147
2 Maladjustment of Work and Rest………………….. 149
Section 3 Other Causes of Illness ……………………………………. 150
I Traumatic Injuries ……………………………………. 150
II Pathological Products That Lead to Illnesses ………….. 151
1 Phlegm …………………………………………… 151
2 Rheum …………………………………………… 153
3 Blood Stasis ……………………………………… 154
4 Stones……………………………………………. 157
III The Five Endogenous Pathogenic Evils ……………….. 158
1 Endogenous Wind ………………………………… 158
2 Endogenous Cold ………………………………… 160
3 Endogenous Dampness …………………………… 161
4 Endogenous Dryness……………………………… 161
5 Endogenous Fire …………………………………. 162
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 163
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 163
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 163
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 163

Chapter 6 Pathology in Chinese Medicine ……………………………. 165
Section 1 Pathogenesis ……………………………………………… 165
I Relationship between the Genuine Qi
and the Evil Qi to Pathogenesis……………………….. 166
1 Deficiency of Genuine Qi Is the Basis
of Pathogenesis …………………………………… 166
2 Evil Qi Is Required to Cause Disease ……………… 166
II Internal and External Environment and Pathogenesis ….. 167
1 Constitution………………………………………. 167
2 Psychological State ………………………………. 168
3 Living Circumstances …………………………….. 168
4 Nutrition and Sports………………………………. 169
III Transmission of Illnesses …………………………….. 169
1 Exterior–Interior Transmission ……………………. 170
2 Up–Down Transmission ………………………….. 170
3 Transmission Among Zang–Fu Viscera ……………. 170
Section 2 Mechanisms of Pathological Change ………………………. 172
I Rise and Fall of Evil Qi and Genuine Qi ………………. 172
1 Deficiency and Strength ………………………….. 172
2 Progression and Outcome of Illness……………….. 173
II Imbalance of Yin–Yang ………………………………. 174
1 Yin or Yang Excess ………………………………. 175
2 Yin or Yang Deficiency …………………………… 176
3 Mutual Injury to Yin and Yang ……………………. 177
4 Mutual Repellency of Yin and Yang ………………. 178
5 Depletion of Yang or Yin …………………………. 179
III Disturbance of Qi and Blood …………………………. 180
1 Disturbance of Qi ………………………………… 180
2 Disturbance of Blood …………………………….. 182
3 Disharmony of Qi and Blood ……………………… 184
IV Abnormal Metabolism of Body Fluids ………………… 185
1 Insufficiency of Body Fluids………………………. 186
2 Impeded Distribution and Excretion of Body Fluids .. 186
3 Disturbance of Relationship Among
Fluids, Qi and Blood ……………………………… 187
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 189
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 189
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 189
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 189

Part II Diagnostic Methods and the Therapeutic Principles
of Chinese Medicine
Chapter 7 Approach to Chinese Medical Diagnosis …………………… 193
Section 1 Diagnostic Approach in CM ………………………………. 193
I Four Methods of Diagnosis …………………………… 193
II Symptom Analysis and Differential Diagnosis ………… 194

Section 2 Principles of Diagnosis in CM …………………………….. 195
I Approaching Patient Holistically ……………………… 195
II Comprehensive Analysis of All Symptoms ……………. 195
III Diagnosis by Symptom Analysis
and Differential Diagnosis ……………………………. 196
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 196
I Aims of Study ……………………………………….. 196
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 197
Chapter 8 Diagnostic Methods ……………………………………….. 199
Section 1 Inspection ………………………………………………… 199
I Mental Status ………………………………………… 199
II Skin Color …………………………………………… 200
1 Characteristics of Normal Skin Color ……………… 201
2 Characteristics of Abnormal Skin Color …………… 201
3 Diagnostic Significance of Colors…………………. 202
III General Appearance ………………………………….. 204
1 Robustness or Weakness ………………………….. 205
2 Obesity or Thinness ………………………………. 205
IV Tongue ………………………………………………. 205
1 Basic Tongue Diagnosis ………………………….. 206
2 Contents of Tongue Diagnosis…………………….. 206
3 Clinical Significance ……………………………… 215
V Skin …………………………………………………. 217
1 Macular Rash …………………………………….. 217
2 Papular Rash……………………………………… 218
3 Chickenpox ………………………………………. 219
4 Miliaria ………………………………………….. 219
5 Spider Angioma ………………………………….. 219
6 Scaling …………………………………………… 220
7 Erosion…………………………………………… 220
8 Ulceration………………………………………… 220
9 Eczema ………………………………………….. 221
10 Fissures ………………………………………….. 221
11 Abscesses, Nodules, Furuncles, Folliculitis………… 221
VI Inspection of Infant’s Finger Venules …………………. 222
VII Excretions and Secretions…………………………….. 223
1 Vomitus ………………………………………….. 224
2 Sputum…………………………………………… 224
3 Nasal Discharge ………………………………….. 225
4 Saliva ……………………………………………. 225
5 Spittle ……………………………………………. 226
Section 2 Auscultation and Olfaction ………………………………… 226
I Auscultation …………………………………………. 226
1 Voice …………………………………………….. 226
2 Respiratory Sounds ………………………………. 227
3 Cough ……………………………………………. 228
II Olfaction …………………………………………….. 228
Section 3 Pulse-Taking and Palpation………………………………… 229
I Pulse-Taking …………………………………………. 229
1 Formation of Pulse ……………………………….. 229
2 Clinical Significance of Pulse-Taking ……………… 230
3 Location of Pulse-Taking …………………………. 230
4 Pulse-Taking Technique ………………………….. 230
5 Normal Pulse …………………………………….. 232
6 Abnormal Pulses …………………………………. 232
II Palpation …………………………………………….. 249
1 Palpation of the Skin ……………………………… 249
2 Palpating the Anterior Fontanelle …………………. 250
3 Palpating the Neck ……………………………….. 250
4 Palpating the Chest and Flanks ……………………. 251
5 Palpating the Abdomen …………………………… 252
6 Palpating Shu Acupoints ………………………….. 253
Section 4 Inquiring………………………………………………….. 253
I General Approach and Points of Attention…………….. 254
II Contents of Inquiring…………………………………. 254
1 General Data……………………………………… 254
2 Chief Complaint………………………………….. 254
3 Present Illness ……………………………………. 255
4 Past History………………………………………. 256
5 Personal Lifestyle and Preferences ………………… 256
6 Family History …………………………………… 256
III Clinical Significance of Some Common Symptoms……. 257
1 Chills and Fever ………………………………….. 257
2 Pain ……………………………………………… 259
3 Perspiration ………………………………………. 261
4 Diet ……………………………………………… 262
5 Defecation ……………………………………….. 263
6 Urination and Urine ………………………………. 265
7 Sleep …………………………………………….. 266
8 Common Symptoms in Internal Medicine …………. 267
9 Common Symptoms Specific to Women…………… 271
10 Common Symptoms of Sense Organs……………… 275
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 276
I Aims of Study ……………………………………….. 276
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 277
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 277

Chapter 9 Differential Diagnosis ……………………………………… 279
Section 1 Diagnosis by Eight Fundamentals …………………………. 279
I Diagnosis of Exterior–Interior ………………………… 280
1 Exterior Syndrome ……………………………….. 280
2 Interior Syndrome ………………………………… 281
II Diagnosis of Cold–Heat………………………………. 281
1 Cold Syndromes………………………………….. 282
2 Heat Syndromes ………………………………….. 282
3 True and False Cold–Heat Syndromes …………….. 283
III Diagnosis of Deficiency–Strength …………………….. 284
1 Deficiency Syndromes ……………………………. 284
2 Strength Syndromes………………………………. 285
IV Diagnosis of Yin–Yang Syndromes …………………… 286
1 Yin–Yang Syndromes …………………………….. 286
2 Yin–Yang Deficiency Syndromes …………………. 287
3 Yin–Yang Depletion Syndromes ………………….. 287
Section 2 Diagnosis by Qi and Blood ………………………………… 288
I Qi Syndromes ……………………………………….. 288
1 Qi Deficiency …………………………………….. 288
2 Qi Sinking ……………………………………….. 289
3 Abnormal Qi Movement ………………………….. 289
4 Qi Stagnation …………………………………….. 290
II Blood Syndromes ……………………………………. 290
1 Blood Insufficiency ………………………………. 290
2 Blood Stasis ……………………………………… 291
3 Heat in Blood…………………………………….. 291
4 Cold in Blood…………………………………….. 291
III Simultaneous Qi and Blood Syndromes……………….. 292
1 Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis……………………. 292
2 Deficiency of Both Qi and Blood………………….. 292
3 Qi Deficiency with Bleeding ……………………… 293
4 Massive Blood Loss with Qi Depletion ……………. 293
Section 3 Diagnosis by Visceral Organs ……………………………… 293
I Heart Illnesses ……………………………………….. 294
1 Deficiency of Heart-Qi ……………………………. 294
2 Deficiency of Heart-Yang …………………………. 294
3 Insufficiency of Heart-Blood ……………………… 295
4 Deficiency of Heart-Yin…………………………… 295
5 Blazing of Heart-Fire …………………………….. 296
6 Blockage of Heart Meridians ……………………… 296
7 Phlegm Clogging Heart Orifices ………………….. 296
8 Phlegm-Fire Disturbing Heart …………………….. 297
II Lung Illnesses ……………………………………….. 297
1 Deficiency of Lung-Qi ……………………………. 297
2 Deficiency of Lung-Yin …………………………… 298
3 Wind-Cold Binding Lung …………………………. 298
4 Wind-Heat Invading Lung ………………………… 299
5 Heat Accumulation in Lung ………………………. 299
6 Phlegm-Dampness Obstructing Lung ……………… 299
III Spleen Illnesses………………………………………. 299
1 Deficiency of Spleen-Qi ………………………….. 300
2 Deficiency of Spleen-Yang ……………………….. 300
3 Sinking of Middle-Qi …………………………….. 300
4 Spleen Not Controlling Blood …………………….. 301
5 Cold-Dampness Encumbering Spleen……………… 301
6 Dampness-Heat Lodging in Spleen ……………….. 301
IV Liver Illnesses ……………………………………….. 302
1 Stagnation of Liver-Qi ……………………………. 302
2 Upward Flaming of Liver-Fire ……………………. 303
3 Insufficiency of Liver-Blood………………………. 303
4 Deficiency of Liver-Yin …………………………… 303
5 Abnormal Rise of Liver-Yang …………………….. 304
6 Liver-Wind Stirring in Interior ……………………. 304
7 Cold Congealing Liver Meridians…………………. 305
8 Dampness-Heat in Liver Meridians ……………….. 305
V Kidney Illnesses ……………………………………… 306
1 Deficiency of Kidney-Yang ……………………….. 306
2 Deficiency of Kidney-Yin…………………………. 306
3 Deficiency of Kidney-Essence…………………….. 307
4 Failure of Kidney-Qi to Solidify ………………….. 307
5 Failure of Kidney to Accept Qi ……………………. 308
VI Stomach Illnesses ……………………………………. 308
1 Deficiency of Stomach-Yin ……………………….. 308
2 Food Retention …………………………………… 308
3 Cold in Stomach………………………………….. 309
4 Heat in Stomach ………………………………….. 309
VII Gallbladder Illnesses …………………………………. 309
VIII Large Intestine Illnesses………………………………. 310
1 Dampness-Heat in Large Intestine ………………… 310
2 Fluid Deficiency in Large Intestine………………… 310
3 Chronic Diarrhea in Large Intestine Insufficiency ….. 311
IX Small Intestine Illnesses ……………………………… 311
X Urinary Bladder Illnesses …………………………….. 311
Section 4 Diagnosis by Six Meridians ……………………………….. 312
I Taiyang Meridian…………………………………….. 312
1 Taiyang Meridian…………………………………. 313
2 Taiyang Fu-Organ ………………………………… 313
II Yangming Meridian ………………………………….. 313
III Shaoyang Meridian…………………………………… 314
IV Taiyin Meridian………………………………………. 314
V Shaoyin Meridian ……………………………………. 314
VI Jueyin Meridian ……………………………………… 315
Section 5 Diagnosis by Four Phases …………………………………. 315
I Defensive Phase ……………………………………… 316
II Qi Phase …………………………………………….. 316
III Nutritive Phase ………………………………………. 316
IV Blood Phase …………………………………………. 317
Section 6 Diagnosis by Sanjiao ……………………………………… 317
I Upper-Jiao Illness ……………………………………. 317
II Middle-Jiao Illness …………………………………… 318
III Lower-Jiao Illness ……………………………………. 318
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 319
I Aims of Study ……………………………………….. 319
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 319
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 319
Chapter 10 Therapeutics ………………………………………………. 321
Section 1 Principles of Therapeutics …………………………………. 321
I Early Treatment to Prevent Progression of Illness ……… 321
1 When Ill Prevent Complications…………………… 321
2 Secure Regions Not Affected by Illness …………… 322
3 During Convalescence Prevent Complications …….. 322
II In Treatment Attack the Root of Illness ……………….. 323
1 Treating Root and Treating Appearance …………… 323
2 Standard Treatment and Contrary Treatment ………. 325
3 Supplemental Principles to “in Treatment
Attacking the Root” ………………………………. 329
III Treatment in Accordance with Person, Local
and Seasonal Conditions ……………………………… 332
1 Adjustment to Seasonal Conditions and Timing……. 333
2 Adjustment to Locale …………………………….. 334
3 Adjustment to Person …………………………….. 334
Section 2 Common Therapeutic Methods ……………………………. 337
I Commonly-Used Eight Principle Methods…………….. 337
1 Diaphoresis (Exterior-Release) ……………………. 337
2 Emesis …………………………………………… 338
3 Catharsis (Purgation)……………………………… 339
4 Mediation (Harmonization)……………………….. 340
5 Cooling (Heat-Clearing) ………………………….. 340
6 Warming …………………………………………. 341
7 Dissipation (Reduction, Elimination) ……………… 342
8 Restoration (Tonification)…………………………. 343
II Other Methods of Treatment ………………………….. 344
1 Qi Regulation…………………………………….. 344
2 Blood Regulation…………………………………. 345
3 Astringency (Consolidation)………………………. 346
4 Orifice-Opening (Resuscitation)…………………… 346
5 Anticonvulsant Therapy (Wind Suppression) ………. 347
III Combinations of Methods ……………………………. 348
1 Diaphoresis and Catharsis ………………………… 348
2 Cooling and Warming…………………………….. 348
3 Attack and Restoration……………………………. 349
4 Dissipation and Restoration ………………………. 349
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 349
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 349
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 349
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 349
Chapter 11 Health Preservation ……………………………………….. 351
Section 1 Principles of Health Preservation ………………………….. 351
I Conforming to Nature ………………………………… 351
II Unity of Body and Mind ……………………………… 352
III Activity and Quiescence ……………………………… 352
Section 2 Common Methods of Health Preservation………………….. 352
I Cultivation of Mind ………………………………….. 353
1 Regulating Mind …………………………………. 353
II Conserving Essence to Preserve Health ……………….. 355
1 Self Restraint to Conserve Essence………………… 355
2 Sexual Hygiene…………………………………… 356
III Diet Regulation ………………………………………. 356
1 Balancing the Five Flavors………………………… 357
2 Regular Times for Meals………………………….. 357
3 Eating Clean and Bland …………………………… 357
Guidance for Study ……………………………………….. 358
I Aim of Study ………………………………………… 358
II Objectives of Study ………………………………….. 358
III Exercises for Review …………………………………. 358
Appendix I: Tongue Pictures ……………………………………………. 359
Index ……………………………………………………………………. 367

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