242. Science And Skiing

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242. Science And Skiing

 

 

CATEGORY: Sports & Recreation 250 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 242

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Syllabus

Introduction XIII
PART ONE: BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING
Keynote 1
1 Ski-jumping take-off performance:
Determining factors and methodological advances
P.V.Komi and M.Virmavirta 3

Keynote 2
2 Load on the locomotor system during skiing.
A biomechanical perspective
B.M.Nigg, A.J.van den Bogert, L.Read and C.Reinschmidt 27

3 Biomechanics of ski-jumping—
scientific jumping hill design
W.Müller 36

4 Joint power production in take-off action
during ski-jumping
T.Sasaki, K.Tsunoda, E.Uchida, H.Hoshino and M.Ono 49

5 Inter- and intra-individual variability
of the ski-jumper’s take-off
F.Vaverka, M.Janura, M.Elfmark, J.Salinger and
M.McPherson 61

6 Inverse dynamic analysis of take-off in ski-jumping
P.Kaps, H.Schwameder and C.Engstler 72

7 Effects of 50 km racing on ski skating kinematics
in the falun world championship 1993
J.T.Viitasalo, K.Norvapalo, J.Laakso, A.P.Leppävuori and
A.Salo 88

viii Science and skiing
8 Management of the sport training process with
cross-country ski runners through modern
apparatus methods and means
G.Zografov, P.Zografov and V.Bachev 97

9 A mathematical method for the analysis
of trajectories in giant slalom
V.F.Ferrario, C.Sforza, G.Michielon, S.Dugnani and
F.Mauro 107

10 Simulation techniques applied to skiing mechanics
F.Casolo, V.Lorenzi, A.Vallatta and B.Zappa 116

11 Turning the skis without ‘mechanisms of turning’
G.Kassat 131

12 Muscle activity of the inside and outside leg
in slalom and giant-slalom skiing
R.A.Hintermeister, G.W.Lange, D.D.O’Connor,
C.J.Dillman and J.R.Steadman 141

13 The effect of different uses of the upper limb
on body coordination during rhythmic
parallel turning
J.P.Clarys, E.Zinzen and P.van Roy 150

14 Pressure distribution measurements for the alpine
skier—from the biomechanical high tech measurement
to its application as SWINGBEEP-feedback system
P.Schaff, V.Senner and F.Kaiser 159

15 Skiing technique in swing turns: Distribution of
stress on the hip-joint articular surface
V.Antolic, A.Iglic, V.Kralj-Iglic and V.Pavlovcic 173

16 Sensor plates designed for measuring forces between
ski and binding—a developmental summary
E.Friedrichs and B.van Bergen 180

17 Different possibilities of measuring force
transmission between ski and binding
B.van Bergen 189

18 Ground-reaction forces in alpine skiing,
cross-country skiing and ski jumping
S.Babiel, U.Hartmann, P.Spitzenpfeil and J.Mester 200

19 Constraint forces may influence the measurement of
vertical ground reaction forces during slalom skiing
M.A.Wimmer and R.Holzner 208

20 Structural dynamic analysis of alpine skis
during turns
W.Niessen, E.Müller, C.Raschner and H.Schwameder 216

PART TWO: FITNESS TESTING AND TRAINING IN SKIING
Keynote 3
21 Evaluation and planning of conditioning training
for alpine skiers
C.Bosco 229
22 Kinematic and kinetic analysis of slalom turns as a
basis for the development of specific training
methods to improve strength and endurance
C.Raschner, E.Müller and H.Schwameder 251
23 Types of muscle action of leg and hip extensor
muscles in slalom
U.Frick, D.Schmidtbleicher, C.Raschner and E.Müller 262
24 Predicting skiing performance in 14–18 year old
competitive alpine skiers
R.J.Klika and R.M.Malina 272
25 Validity of sport-specific field tests for elite and
developing alpine ski racers
R.C.Reid, S.C.Johnson, R.W.Kipp, R.W.Albert and
A.T.White 285

x Science and skiing
26 Relationship of anaerobic performance tests to
competitive alpine skiing events
S.Petelin von Duvillard and W.J.Knowles 297

27 Aspects of technique-specific strength training
in ski-jumping
H.Schwameder, E.Müller, C.Raschner and F.Brunner 309

28 Programme for the objectivization of sports-
pecific performance preconditions, in the

long-term development of performance of
cross-country skiers
C.Ostrowski, G.Ostrowski, R.Ziron and P.Wicht 320

PART THREE: MOVEMENT CONTROL AND PSYCHOLOGY IN
SKIING
Keynote 4
29 Movement regulation in alpine skiing
J.Mester 333

30 The technique of gliding in alpine ski racing—
safety and performance
P.Spitzenpfeil, S.Babiel, M.Rieder, U.Hartmann and J.Mester 349

31 A profile of sensorimotor balance of alpine skiers
F.Fetz 356

32 Psychological training in alpine skiing—racing
G.Amesberger 372

33 Incentive motivation, competitive orientation
and gender in collegiate alpine skiers
S.Chroni 383

34 Feelings of movement in alpine skiing
S.Eggert and K.K.Schock 395

35 Optimal emotions in elite cross-country skiers
Y.L.Hanin and P.Syrjä 408

36 Structuring cross-country skiing techniques
on the basis of motor-program theory
W.Kuhn 420

PART FOUR: PHYSIOLOGY OF SKIING
Keynote 5
37 The physiology of competitive c.c. skiing
across a four decade perspective; with a
note on training induced adaptations and
role of training at medium altitude
B.Saltin 435

38 Physiological indices of elite junior-I alpine skiers
R.S.Axtell, K.F.Rinehardt, J.A.Finn, J.R.Stofan,
D.W.Martens, R.W.Kenefick and J.Pier 470

39 An incremental exercise test simulating the
muscular activity of slalom
K.Baum, S.Hoy, D.Leyk and D.Essfeld 479

40 The metabolic load in alpine skiing—an attempt at a
presentation using computer-supported modelling
U.Hartmann, A.Mader, S.Babiel, P.Spitzenpfeil and J.Mester 487

41 Fitness, cardiovascular stress, and SCD-risk
in downhill skiing
M.Burtscher, W.Nachbauer, E.Kornexl and M.A.Mittleman 504

42 Elite skiers after anterior cruciate ligament
reconstruction: early functional sport-specific
rehabilitation in water
A.Wicker, W.Matschi, B.Hohenfellner,
M.Müller-Thies and H.Breitfuss 513

xii Science and skiing
43 Troponin I—a new marker of muscle damage
in alpine skiing
A.Koller, W.Gebert, S.Sorichter, J.Mair, E.Artner,
B.Puschendorf, D.Rama and C.Calzolari 528

44 Physiological characteristics of top young czech
cross-country skiers of both sexes 540
V.Bunc, J.Heller and P.Krejci
PART FIVE: SOCIOLOGY OF SKIING
Keynote 6
45 Pleasure first, morale last—on the justification
of modern winter sports 551
E.Franke
46 Skiing in Austria: Trends, image and identity 571
O.Weiss
47 Alpine skiing in social change—a pilot study 580
W.Schulz and R.Strodl
48 The social influences of ski-area development in Japan 592
K.Kano
49 Downhill and telemark skiing as part of young people’s lifestyls 604
M.K.Sisjord
50 Alpine winter sport resorts: Travel motives and
dimensions of service quality 610
P.M.Kneisl and B.Mäser

Index of authors 621
Index of keywords 623

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