238. Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training

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238. Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training

CATEGORY: Fitness, Workout & Exercise 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 01

FEES: 555/- INR only

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Syllabus

ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….II
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………VI
LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. VII
ABBREVIATIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..VIII
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.1. PREAMBLE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….1
1.2. RATIONALE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
1.3. OBJECTIVE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5
1.4. HYPOTHESIS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5
CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………………………………………………….6
2.1. PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BAROREFLEX ………………………………………………………………………………..6
2.1.1. ANATOMY OF THE ARTERIAL BAROREFLEX ………………………………………………………………6
2.2. CARDIOVAGAL BAROREFLEX SENSITIVITY…………………………………………………………………8
2.2.1. THE VALUE OF CARDIOVAGAL BAROREFLEX SENSITIVITY…………………………………9
2.3. BAROREFLEX DYNAMICS DURING EXERCISE………………………………………………………….. 11
2.3.1. ENDURANCE EXERCISE TRAINING & PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS……….. 14
2.4. ARTERIAL STIFFNESS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 21
2.4.1. VALUE OF ARTERIAL STIFFNESS…………………………………………………………………………………. 23
2.5. ARTERIAL STIFFNESS, BRS, AND ENDURANCE TRAINING ………………………………….. 25
2.5.1. ARTERIAL STIFFNESS & BRS………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
2.5.2. ARTERIAL STIFFNESS & ENDURANCE TRAINING………………………………………………….. 28
2.5.3. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTERIAL STIFFNESS, ENDURANCE
TRAINING, & BRS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31
2.5.4. THE ROLE OF EXERCISE INTENSITY ………………………………………………………………………….. 32
2.6. HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING………………………………………………………………………. 33
2.6.1. PURPOSE OF HIIT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34
2.6.2. RATIONALE FOR HIIT……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 34
2.6.3. GENERAL PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTION OF HIIT……………………………………………………. 35
2.6.4. ACUTE ARTERIAL & BRS ADAPTATIONS FOLLOWING HIIT ………………………………. 36
2.6.5. CHRONIC ARTERIAL & BRS ADAPTATIONS FOLLOWING HIIT …………………………. 38
2.6.6. APPLICATION OF HIIT IN CLINICAL & AGEING POPULATIONS………………………. 42
2.6.7. CURRENT EXERCISE RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………………………………………….. 43
CHAPTER III: METHODS………………………………………………………………………………………………….45
3.1. STUDY PARTICIPANTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
3.2. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 45
3.2.1. TESTING SESSIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 46
3.2.2. HIIT SESSIONS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 47
3.3. EXPERIMENTAL MEASURES…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
3.3.1. ANTHROPOMETRIC & BODY COMPOSITION MEASURES………………………………….. 48
3.3.2. BAROREFLEX SENSITIVITY MEASUREMENT……………………………………………………………. 49
3.3.3. ARTERIAL MEASUREMENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 51
3.3.4. CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS MEASUREMENTS………………………………………………… 54

HIIT & cvBRS Austin J. Cameron

3.4. STATISTICAL METHODS…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
CHAPTER IV: RESULTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………57
4.1. EFFECT OF TRAINING………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57
4.1.1. PARTICIPANT COMPLIANCE & TRAINING INTENSITY…………………………………………. 57
4.1.2. EFFECT OF TRAINING ON DEMOGRAPHIC AND BODY COMPOSITION
VARIABLES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
4.1.3. EFFECT OF TRAINING ON CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS………………………………. 58
4.1.4. EFFECT OF TRAINING ON RESTING HR AND BP……………………………………………………. 61
4.1.5. EFFECT OF TRAINING ON ARTERIAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
AND cvBRS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 61
4.2. ΔCVBRS CORRELATIONS AND REGRESSION ……………………………………………………………… 65
4.2.1. CORRELATES AT BASELINE……………………………………………………………………………………………. 66
4.2.2. CORRELATES WITH CHANGE VARIABLES ………………………………………………………………… 68
4.2.3. ANALYSIS OF ΔcvBRS………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 70
CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION ……………………………………………………………………………………………….73
5.1. EFFECT OF HIIT ON CVBRS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 73
5.2. EFFECT OF HIIT ON ARTERIAL STIFFNESS………………………………………………………………….. 75
5.2.1. PULSE WAVE VELOCITY, COMPLIANCE, AND DISTENSIBILITY ……………………….. 75
5.2.2. CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS ……………………………………………………………………….. 77
5.2.3. EFFECT OF ARTERIAL STIFFNESS ON cvBRS ………………………………………………………….. 78
5.3. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………. 81
CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………………………………………84
LITERATURE CITED …………………………………………………………………………………………………………85
APPENDIX A…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 101
APPENDIX B…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 102
APPENDIX C…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 105
APPENDIX D…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 114
APPENDIX E…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 115
APPENDIX F …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 118
APPENDIX G…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 119

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