220. Nutritional Status – Cardiac

You are here: Home / 220. Nutritional Status – Cardiac

 

220. Nutritional Status – Cardiac

 

 

CATEGORY: Diet Nutrition Supplementation – 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 220

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

PART I – INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
CHAPTER 1 – Current Concepts In Innate Immunity …………………………………………………………………… 7
1.1 Conceptual models in immunity……………………………………………………………………………………………… 7
1.1.1 The self-nonself model of immunity …………………………………………………………… 7
1.1.2 The danger model of immunity ………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
1.1.3 The biology of danger signals ……………………………………………………………… 9
1.1.4 Danger sensing by tissue cells ………………………………………………………………. 10
1.2 Innate immunity receptors …………………………………………………………………………….. 11
1.2.1 Innate and adaptative immune activation ……………………………………………. 12
1.2.2 TLRs ………………………………………………………………………….. 13
1.2.2.1 Proinflammatory cytokine production via TLRs………………………………… 14
1.2.2.2 Type I IFN production via TLRs ………………………………………………………. 15
1.2.3 Cytoplasmic pathogen recognition system …………………………………………….. 16
1.2.3.1 The NOD-LRR proteins……………………………………………………………. 17
1.2.3.2 RNA helicases and dsRNA ……………………………………………………….. 18
CHAPTER 2 – Adipose Tissue as an Immunological Organ………………………………………………………. 20
2.1 Innate immunity in adipose tissue ……………………………………………………. 20
2.1.1 Proinflammatory cytokine and chemokine secretion…………………………………….. 21
2.1.2 C1q/TNF molecular superfamily and CTRPs……………………………………………… 23
2.1.3 Expression of functional TLRs ………………………………………………………………… 26
2.1.4 Adipocyte/macrophage crosstalk …………………………………………………………….. 27
2.2 Adipose tissue inflammation in obesity …………………………………………………… 29
2.3 Adipose tissue inflammation in cachexia………………………………………………………………………………. 31
CHAPTER 3 – Altered Nutritional Status in Cardiac and Renal Disease…………………………………………………………. 33
3.1 The cardiorenal syndrome ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
3.2 Obesity as an emerging risk factor for cardiac and kidney disease………………………………………… 39
3.2.1 Obesity and the risk of CHF…………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
3.2.2 Obesity and the risk of CKD…………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
3.3 Reverse epidemiology in advanced cardiac and kidney disease…………………………………………….. 41
3.3.1 Reverse epidemiology in CHF ……………………………………………………………………………………… 41
3.3.2 Reverse epidemiology in CKD ……………………………………………………………………………………… 43
3.3.3 Possible explanations for reverse epidemiology……………………………………………………………… 44
3.4 Innate immunity activation in cardiac disease………………………………………………. 47
3.4.1 TLRs expression and function in the heart …………………………………………………………………….. 47
3.4.2 Proinflammatory cytokines in CHF………………………………………………………………………………… 49
3.5 Innate immunity activation in kidney disease………………………………………………………………………… 52
3.5.1 TLRs expression and function in the kidney …………………………………………………………………… 52
3.5.2 Proinflammatory cytokines in CKD ……………………………………………………………………………….. 53
CHAPTER 4 – Aims……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55

PART II – RESULTS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
CHAPTER 5 – Innate Immunity Activation in Acute Cardiac Overload …………………………………………………………… 57
Acute changes of biventricular gene expression in volume and right ventricular pressure overload
Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Vasconcelos M, Lourenço AP, Brandão-Nogueira A, Teles A, Henriques-Coelho T,
Leite-Moreira AF
Life Sci 2006; 78: 2633-2642
Remote myocardium gene expression after 30 and 120 min of ischaemia in the rat
Guerra MS*, Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr*, Lourenço AP, Falcão-Pires I, Cibrão-Coutinho P, Leite Moreira AF
Exp Physiol 2006; 91: 473-480 (* contributed equally to this work)
CHAPTER 6 – Inflammation and Cardiac Remodeling in Chronic Cardiac Overload ………………………………………. 77
Thymulin inhibits monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension modulating interleukin-6
expression and suppressing p38 pathway
Henriques-Coelho T, Oliveira SM, Moura RS, Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Neves AL, Santos M,
Nogueira-Silva C, Carvalho F, Brandrão-Nogueira A, Correia Pinto J, Leite-Moreira AF
Endocrinology 2008; 149: 4367-73
Myocardial dysfunction and neurohumoral activation without remodeling in left ventricle of
monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats
Lourenço AP, Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Brás-Silva C, Faria B, Wieland J, Henriques-Coelho T, Correia-Pinto J,
Leite-Moreira AF
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2006; 291: H1587-1594
CHAPTER 7 – Cachexia, Inflammation and Cardiac Remodeling in Renal Disease ………………………………………… 95
Cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in nephrotic syndrome
Moreira-Rodrigues M, Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Henriques-Coelho T, Lourenço AP, Sampaio-Maia B, Santos J,
Pestana M, Leite-Moreira AF
Kidney Int 2007; 71: 1240-8
CHAPTER 8 – Innate Immunity Activation in Overweight and Obesity …………………………………………………………. 107
High calorie diet-fed rats shift myocardial gene expression in the absence of overt obesity
Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Lourenço AP, Vasques-Nóvoa F, Ribeiro M, Moreira-Rodrigues M, Pestana M,
Leite-Moreira AF
Exp Physiol (in revision)
Attenuation of the cardiovascular and metabolic complications of obesity in CD14 knockout mice
Roncon-Albuquerque R Jr, Moreira-Rodrigues M, Faria B, Ferreira AP, Cerqueira C, Lourenço AP,
Pestana M, von Hafe P, Leite-Moreira AF
Life Sci 2008; 83: 502-10
PART III – DISCUSSION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 151
CHAPTER 9 – General Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 151
CHAPTER 10 – Main Conclusions………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 167
PART IV – BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 169

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Medifit  Courses Demo Certificate 

48 hours delivery

| International acceptance | Medical based | Job oriented | Lifetime validity | Most economical |

 

555 INR Demo Certificate – 2 months duration

Demo Certificate – 6 months duration

48 hours delivery after fees payment

48 hours delivery after fees payment

 

Medifit 48 hours Delivery

  Get your Certificates delivered by online mode in 48 hours after Fees payment. We try to deliver certificates in 24 hours, but the committed delivery hours are 48. Its,

Pay Today &
get Tomorrow

procedure, only by Medifit.

LIFETIME VALIDITY

Medifit issues Lifetime validity certificates for all Online Courses provided. No need to renew the certificates every 2 or 3 years. All Courses Certificates of Medifit are having Lifetime Validity. No need to renew these certificates every 2 or 3 years.

 

What makes the certificates of Medifit to get it recognized Internationally?

Vast number of students applying for Job in international market of Fitness through Medifits Online Courses Certificates. And most importantly, the Medical standards maintained, helps to acquire jobs internationally. This gives very strong International acceptance to Certificates of Medifit Courses.

 

ABOUT MEDIFIT ACADEMY CERTIFICATION COURSE:

Medifit Education Online Academy is an innovative, digital and engaging education platform that delivers fast track accredited courses and skills development courses instantly online, with no time limits, enabling individuals to study anywhere and anytime. We are proud to offer international standard courses that have helped our students build their careers across the globe.

HOW DO MEDIFIT ONLINE CERTIFICATE COURSES HELP?

Short term Professional Courses International Standards courses Opens Global opportunities Career defining Courses Skill Development Programmes Knowledge in short span Learn at your own pace Certification of Completion Immediate Earning Opportunities Positive Social Impact Optimistic Psychological Benefits Improved Standard of Living Study from anywhere & anytime Very Economical Fees

[/cmsms_text][/cmsms_column][/cmsms_row]