21. Dance Anatomy And Kinesiology

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21. Dance Anatomy And Kinesiology

 

 

CATEGORY: Medical & Medicine – 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 21

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

Preface vii
Acknowledgments x

CHAPTER 1 The Skeletal System and Its Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Primary Tissues of the Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Bone Composition and Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Bone Development and Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
The Human Skeleton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Joint Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Body Orientation Terminology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Joint Movement Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Skeletal Considerations in Whole Body Movement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
CHAPTER 2 The Muscular System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Microstructure of Skeletal Muscle and Muscle Contraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Muscle Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Muscle Attachments to Bone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Muscles, Levers, and Rotary Motion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Types of Muscle Contraction (Tension) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Muscular Considerations in Whole Body Movement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Learning Muscle Names and Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
CHAPTER 3 The Spine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Bones and Bony Landmarks of the Spine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Joint Structure and Movements of the Vertebral Column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Description and Functions of Individual Muscles of the Spine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Ideal Spinal Alignment and Common Deviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Spinal Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Spinal Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Key Considerations for the Spine in Whole Body Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Special Considerations for the Spine in Dance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Conditioning Exercises for the Spine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Back Injuries in Dancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

CHAPTER 4 The Pelvic Girdle and Hip Joint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Bones and Bony Landmarks of the Hip Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Joint Structure and Movements of the Pelvic Girdle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Joint Structure and Movements of the Hip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Description and Functions of Individual Hip Muscles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Alignment and Common Deviations of the Hip Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Pelvic and Hip Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Hip Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Key Considerations for the Hip in Whole Body Movement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Special Considerations for the Hip in Dance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Conditioning Exercises for the Hip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Hip Injuries in Dancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
CHAPTER 5 The Knee and Patellofemoral Joints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Bones and Bony Landmarks of the Knee Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
Joint Structure and Movements of the Knee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Description and Functions of Individual Knee Muscles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Knee Alignment and Common Deviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Knee Mechanics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Structure and Movements of the Patellofemoral Joint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Patellofemoral Alignment and the Q Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Patellofemoral Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Knee Movements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Key Considerations for the Knee in Whole Body Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Special Considerations for the Knee in Dance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Conditioning Exercises for the Knee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Knee Injuries in Dancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
CHAPTER 6 The Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Bones and Bony Landmarks of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Joint Structure and Movements of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Description and Functions of Individual Muscles of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . 309
Alignment and Common Deviations of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Mechanics of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Movements of the Ankle and Foot . . . . . . . 331
Key Considerations for the Ankle and Foot in Whole Body Movement . . . . . . . . 333
Special Considerations for the Ankle and Foot in Dance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Conditioning Exercises for the Ankle and Foot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Ankle and Foot Injuries in Dancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

CHAPTER 7 The Upper Extremity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
Bones and Bony Landmarks of the Shoulder Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
Joint Structure and Movements of the Shoulder Girdle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375
Joint Structure and Movements of the Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Description and Functions of Individual Muscles of the Shoulder Complex . . . 380
Alignment and Common Deviations of the Shoulder Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Shoulder Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397
Muscular Analysis of Fundamental Shoulder Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
Special Considerations for the Shoulder Complex in Dance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409
Other Joints of the Upper Extremity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
Description and Functions of Selected Individual Muscles of the Elbow. . . . . . 415
Structure and Movements of the Radioulnar Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
Key Considerations for the Upper Extremity in Whole Body Movement. . . . . . . 431
Conditioning Exercises for the Upper Extremity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
Upper Extremity Injuries in Dancers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463
CHAPTER 8 Analysis of Human Movement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Anatomical Movement Analysis of Whole Body Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
Other Methods for Movement Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487
Research-Supported Movement Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489
Optimal Performance Models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Movement Cues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Study Questions and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501

References and Resources 503
Index 523
About the Author 533

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