72. Applied Physiology

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72. Applied Physiology

72. Applied Physiology

 

 

CATEGORY: Medical & Medicine – 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 72

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

1. Physiological Notes
1.1 Pulmonary
1.1.1 Respiratory Mechanics
Intrinsic (or auto-) positive end-expiratory pressure
during controlled mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . 3
Laurent Brochard
Intrinsic (or auto-) positive end-expiratory pressure
during spontaneous or assisted ventilation . . . . . . . . 7
Laurent Brochard
Work of breathing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Belen Cabello, Jordi Mancebo
Interpretation of airway pressure waveforms . . . . . . 15
Evans R. Fernandez-Perez, Rolf D. Hubmayr
1.1.2 Gas exchange
Dead space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Umberto Lucangelo, luis Blanch
Alveolar ventilation and pulmonary blood flow:
The VA/QT concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Enrico Calzia, Peter Radermacher
Mechanisms of hypoxemia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Robert Rodríguez-Roisin, Josep Roca
Pulse oximetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Amal Jubran
Effects of body temperature on blood gases . . . . . . 33
Andreas Bacher
Venous oximetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Frank Bloos, Konrad Reinhart
Influence of FI
O2
on the Pa
O2/FI
O2 ratio . . . . . . . . . . 41

Jerome Aboab, Bruno Louis,
Björn Jonson, Laurent Brochard

1.2. Cardiovascular:
Pulmonary vascular resistance: A meaningless
variable? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Robert Naeije
Pulmonary artery occlusion pressure . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Michael R. Pinsky
Clinical significance of pulmonary artery occlusion
pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Michael R. Pinsky
Pulmonary capillary pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Jukka Takala
Ventricular interdependence: how does it impact
on hemodynamic evaluation in clinical practice? . . . 61
François Jardin
Cyclic changes in arterial pressure during
mechanical ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
François Jardin
1.3. Metabolism and Renal Function
Lactic acidosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Daniel De Backer
Defining renal failure: Physiological principles . . . . . 73
Rinaldo Bellomo, John A. Kellum,
Claudio Ronco
Hypotension during intermittent hemodialysis:
new insights into an old problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Frédérique Schortgen
1.4. Cerebral Function
Intracranial pressure: Part one: Historical overview
and basic concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Peter J. D. Andrews, Giuseppe Citerio
Intracranial pressure: Part two: Clinical applications
and technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Peter J. D. Andrews, Giuseppe Citerio

2. Physiological Reviews
2.1. Measurement techniques
Fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated
patients: a review of indices used in intensive care . . 95
Karim Bendjelid, Jacques-André Romand
Different techniques to measure intra-abdominal
pressure (IAP): time for a critical re-appraisal . . . . . 105
Manu L. N. G. Malbrain
Tissue capnometry: does the answer lie
under the tongue? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Alexandre Toledo Maciel,
Jacques Creteur, Jean-Louis Vincent
Noninvasive monitoring of peripheral perfusion . . . 131
Alexandre Lima, Jan Bakker
Ultrasonographic examination of the venae cavae . . 143
Antoine Vieillard-Baron, François Jardin
2.2. Physiological processes
Sleep in the intensive care unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
SAiram Parthasarathy, Martin J. Tobin
Magnesium in critical illness: metabolism,
assessment, and treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Luis J. Noronha, George M. Matuschak
Pulmonary endothelium in acute lung injury:
from basic science to the critically ill . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
stylianos E Orfanos, Irene Mavrommati,
Ionna Korovesi, Charis Roussos
Pulmonary and cardiac sequelae of subarachnoid
haemorrhage: time for active management? . . . . . 185
Carol S. A. Macmillan,
Ian S. Grant, Peter Andrews
Permissive hypercapnia-role in protective lung
ventilatory strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
John G. Laffey, Donal O’Croinin,
Paul McLoughlin, Brian P. Kavanagh
Right ventricular function and positive pressure
ventilation in clinical practice: from hemodynamic
subsets to respirator settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Antoine Vieillard-Baron, François Jardin

Acute right ventricular failure – from
pathophysiology to new treatments . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Alexandre Mebazaa, Peter Karpati,
Estelle Renaud, Lars Algotsson
Red blood cell rheology in sepsis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Michael Piagnerelli,
Karim Zouaoui-Boudjeltia,
Michel Vanhaeverbeek, Jean-Louis Vincent
Stress-hyperglycemia, insulin and
immunomodulation in sepsis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Paul E. Marik, Murugan Ragavanh
Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction in critically
ill patients with traumatic and nontraumatic brain
injury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
Ioanna Dimopoulou, Stylianos Tsagarakis
Matching total body oxygen consumption and
delivery: a crucial objective? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Pierre Squara
Normalizing physiological variables in acute illness:
five reasons for caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Brian P. Kavanagh, L. Joanne Meyer
3. Seminal Studies in Intensive Care
Manipulating afterload for the treatment of acute
heart failure: a historical summary . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Claude Perret, Jean-François Enrico
Nosocomial pneumonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Waldemar G Johanson, Lisa L. Dever
The introduction of positive end-expiratory
pressure into mechanical ventilation:
a retrospective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Konrad J. Falke
Elastic pressure-volume curves in acute lung injury
and acute respiratory distress syndrome . . . . . . . . 295
Björn Jonson
The concept of “baby lung” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Luciano Gattinoni, Antonio Pesenti
The effects of anesthesia and muscle paralysis on
the respiratory system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Göran Hedenstierna, Lennart Edmark

Diaphragmatic fatigue during sepsis
and septic shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Sophie Lanone, Camille Taillé,
Jorge Boczkowski, Michel Aubier
The use of severity scores in the intensive care . . . . . 331
Jean-Roger Le Gall
Oxygen transport-the oxygen delivery
controversy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
jean-Louis Vincent, Daniel De Backer

Organ dysfunction during sepsis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Suveer Singh, Timothy W. Evans
Ventilator-induced lung injury: from the bench
to the bedside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357
Lorraine N. Tremblay, Arthur S. Slutsky
Remembrance of Weaning Past:
the Seminal Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Martin J. Tobin
Subject Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377

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