155. Pharmacology Demystified

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155. Pharmacology Demystified

155. Pharmacology Demystified

 

 

CATEGORY: Medical & Medicine – 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 155

FEES: 555/- INR only

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BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

Introduction xiii
CHAPTER 1 An Inside Look at Pharmacology 1
What Is Pharmacology? 2
The Source of Drugs 4
Drugs Names 6
Prescription versus Over-the-Counter Drugs 7
Drug Effects 7
Drug Safety 8
Locating Drug Information 11
Drug Orders 12
The “Five Rights” Way of Drug Administration 16
Summary 20
Quiz 21
CHAPTER 2 Drug Action and Drug Interactions 23
Drug Actions 24
The First Pass Effect 33
Pharmacodynamics 33
Categories of Drug Action 35
Therapeutic Index and Therapeutic Range 35
Side Effects 36
Summary 38
Quiz 39

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CHAPTER 3 Pharmacology and the Nursing Process 41
The Nursing Process 42
Nursing Diagnosis 47
Patient Care Plan 48
Teaching the Patient About Drugs 50
Impact of Cultural Influences in
Drug Administration 52
Mother and the Fetus 54
Pediatrics 54
Elderly 55
Summary 57
Quiz 58
CHAPTER 4 Substance Abuse 61
Drug Misuse and Abuse 61
Behavioral Patterns of Addiction 63
Healthcare Professionals and
Substance Abuse 64
Detecting Substance Abuse 65
Delayed Action 67
Substances That Can Be Abused 71
Dependence versus Tolerance 71
Pathophysiologic Changes Occurring in
Substance Abuse 72
Cultural Aspects of Substance Abuse 72
Commonly Abused Substances 73
Nursing Assessment 77
Summary 78
Quiz 79
CHAPTER 5 Principles of Medication Administration 81

The Nursing Process and
Medication Administration 82

Assessment Required for Specific Drugs 84
Administering Medication 87
Evaluating the Patient After
Administering Medication 92
Controlling Narcotics 93
Summary 94
Quiz 94
CHAPTER 6 Route of Administration 97
Medication and Routes 97
Z-Track Injection Technique 107
Tips for Minimizing Pain 109
Summary 110
Quiz 111
CHAPTER 7 Dose Calculations 113
The Metric System and Medication 113
Converting Metric Units 116
Formulas for Calculating the Desired Dose 117
Parenteral Medications 119
Summary 121
Quiz 122
CHAPTER 8 Herbal Therapy 125
Inside Herbal Therapy 125
Forms of Herbal Therapies 127
Hazards of Herbal Therapeutics 128
Herbals Therapy and the Nursing Process 129
The Do’s and Don’ts about Herbs 130
Commonly Used Herbs 131
Summary 135
Quiz 135

CHAPTER 9 Vitamins and Minerals 137
Vitamins 137
Vitamins and the Nursing Process 148
Summary 154
Quiz 154
CHAPTER 10 Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy 157
Body Fluids 158
Electrolytes 158
Fluid Concentration 159
IV Fluids 160
Blood and Blood Products 161
Fluid Replacement 161
Summary 180
Quiz 181
CHAPTER 11 Nutritional Support Therapies 183
Nutrition 183
Nursing Process 189
The Nursing Processing and
Parenteral Nutritional Therapy 192
Summary 193
Quiz 194
CHAPTER 12 Inflammation 197
An Inside Look at Inflammation 197
Combating Inflammation 199
Summary 201
Quiz 201
CHAPTER 13 Antimicrobials—Fighting Infection 203

Microorganisms—A Small Formidable
Opponent 204
Medication—A Formidable Defender 204

Superinfections 205
Preparing to Administer
Antimicrobial Medication 207
Penicillin, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 214
Penicillin and Patient Education 215
Cephalosporins, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 217
Macrolides and Drug-Drug Interactions 224
Macrolides, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 224
Clindamycins and Drug-Drug Interactions 225
Lincosamides, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 225
Vancomycin and Drug-Drug Interactions 227
Vancomycin, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 228
Aminoglycosides and
Drug-Drug Interactions 229
Aminoglycosides, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 230
Tetracyclines and Drug-Drug Interactions 233
Tetracyclines, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 234
Chloramphenicol and
Drug-Drug Interactions 236
Chloramphenicol Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 236
Fluoroquinolones and
Drug-Drug Interactions 238
Fluoroquinolones, Nursing Diagnosis,
and Collaborative Problems 238
Sulfonamides 241

Tuberculosis 243
Antifungal Drugs (Antimycotic Drugs) 246
Antimalarial 247
Anthelmintic 248
Summary 250
Quiz 251
CHAPTER 14 Respiratory Diseases 253
A Brief Look at Respiration 253
Upper Respiratory Tract Disorders 256
Lower Respiratory Disorders 261
Summary 266
Quiz 267
CHAPTER 15 Nervous System Drugs 269
A Brief Look at the Nervous System 269
Central Nervous System Stimulants 271
CNS Depressants 273
Autonomic Nervous System 281
Cholinergics 287
Anticholinergics 287
Antiparkinsonism-Anticholinergic Drugs 288
Antipsychotics 295
Phenothiazines 296
Depression 297
Summary 301
Quiz 302
CHAPTER 16 Narcotic Agonists 305
A Close Look at Pain 305
Influences on Administrating
Pain Medication 306
Components of Pain 307
The Gate Control Theory 307

Defining Pain 307
Pain Assessment 308
Pharmacologic Management of Pain 309
Summary 311
Quiz 312
CHAPTER 17 Immunologic Agents 315
A Brief Look at Immunity 315
Vaccines 321
Preventing Diseases 322
Summary 325
Quiz 326
CHAPTER 18 Gastrointestinal System 329
A Brief Look at the Gastrointestinal System 329
Summary 344
Quiz 345
CHAPTER 19 Cardiac Circulatory Medications 347
A Brief Look at the Cardiovascular System 347
Circulatory Disorders 364
Summary 369
Quiz 370
CHAPTER 20 Skin Disorders 373
A Brief Look at the Skin 373
Skin Disorders 374
Summary 382
Quiz 383
CHAPTER 21 Endocrine Medications 385
A Brief Look at the Endocrine System 385
Drugs and Hormones 386
Summary 396
Quiz 397

CHAPTER 22 Disorders of the Eye and Ear 399
Eye Disorders 399
Patient Education for Eye Medication 403
Ear Disorders 405
Patient Education for Ear Medication 408
Summary 408
Quiz 409
Final Exam 411
Answers to Quiz and Final Exam Questions 425
Appendix 431
Index 437

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