155. Energetics Of Muscular Exercise

You are here: Home / 155. Energetics Of Muscular Exercise

155. Energetics Of Muscular Exercise

CATEGORY: Fitness, Workout & Exercise 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 01

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

CERTIFICATES DELIVERY: In 48 hours

Syllabus

1 Introductory and Historical Remarks ………………… 1
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
A Short History of Respiratory Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Of Energy and Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Oxidative and Anaerobic Metabolism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
The Respiratory System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Maximal Oxygen Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
The Oxygen Equilibrium Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Exercise Transients. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
The Perspective of This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2 Aerobic Metabolism and the Steady-State Concept. . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
The Steady-State Concept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Quantitative Relationships at Steady State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
The Effects of Ventilation—Perfusion Heterogeneity . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Diffusion–Perfusion Interaction in Alveolar–Capillary
Gas Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Breathing Pure Oxygen and the Correction for Nitrogen . . . . . . . . . . 45
The Mechanical Efficiency of Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Energy Cost of Locomotion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
The Cardiovascular Responses to Exercise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
The Q_ – V_ O2 Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
3 Exercise Transients. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
The Energetics of the Oxygen Deficit During Light Exercise . . . . . . . 67
The Energetics of the Oxygen Deficit During Intense Exercise. . . . . . 71

Mechanisms Underlying the Oxygen Deficit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
The Double-exponential Model of V_ O2 Kinetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Kinetics of Cardiac Output and Oxygen Delivery
at Exercise Onset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
The V_ O2 Kinetics in Hypoxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
The Slow Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
The Effect of Priming Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Ramp and Sinusoidal Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
The Problem of Gas Flow Analysis on a Breath-by-Breath Basis . . . . 87
Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
4 Maximal Oxygen Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
The Unifactorial Vision of V_ O2 max Limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
The Oxygen Cascade at Maximal Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
An Analysis of di Prampero’s Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Experimental Testing of di Prampero’s Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
An Analysis of Wagner’s Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Experimental Testing of Wagner’s Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
A Critical Comparison of the Two Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Of Maximal Oxygen Consumption in Hypoxia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Of Maximal Oxygen Consumption at the End of Bed Rest . . . . . . . . 119
Of the Central Governor Hypothesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Of Measuring V_ O2 max . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
5 Critical Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
The Physiological Meaning of the Energy Store Component . . . . . . . 140
Descriptive Physiology of Critical Power and Energy Store
Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Energetic Consequences of the Hyperbolic Critical Power Model . . . . 143
The Critical Power Model in Intermittent Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
The Relationship Between V_ O2max, Critical Power
and Maximal Aerobic Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Simultaneous Determination of Critical Power and Maximal
Aerobic Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
The Three-Parameter Model of Critical Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

6 Supramaximal Exercise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
The Meaning of Blood Lactate in Supramaximal Exercise . . . . . . . . . 158
On the Distribution of Lactate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
The Energetics of Supramaximal Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
The Maximal Lactic Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
The Maximal Lactic Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
The P/La Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Energetics of All-Out Efforts of Extremely Short Duration . . . . . . . . 168
The Measurement of Maximal Anaerobic Alactic Power . . . . . . . . . . 169
Maximal Instantaneous Alactic Power and Aerobic Exercise . . . . . . . 173
Maximal Mean Alactic Power and Aerobic Exercise. . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Anaerobic Alactic Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Medifit  Courses Demo Certificate 

48 hours delivery

| International acceptance | Medical based | Job oriented | Lifetime validity | Most economical |

 

555 INR Demo Certificate – 2 months duration

Demo Certificate – 6 months duration

48 hours delivery after fees payment

48 hours delivery after fees payment

 

Medifit 48 hours Delivery

  Get your Certificates delivered by online mode in 48 hours after Fees payment. We try to deliver certificates in 24 hours, but the committed delivery hours are 48. Its,

Pay Today &
get Tomorrow

procedure, only by Medifit.

LIFETIME VALIDITY

Medifit issues Lifetime validity certificates for all Online Courses provided. No need to renew the certificates every 2 or 3 years. All Courses Certificates of Medifit are having Lifetime Validity. No need to renew these certificates every 2 or 3 years.

 

What makes the certificates of Medifit to get it recognized Internationally?

Vast number of students applying for Job in international market of Fitness through Medifits Online Courses Certificates. And most importantly, the Medical standards maintained, helps to acquire jobs internationally. This gives very strong International acceptance to Certificates of Medifit Courses.

 

ABOUT MEDIFIT ACADEMY CERTIFICATION COURSE:

Medifit Education Online Academy is an innovative, digital and engaging education platform that delivers fast track accredited courses and skills development courses instantly online, with no time limits, enabling individuals to study anywhere and anytime. We are proud to offer international standard courses that have helped our students build their careers across the globe.

HOW DO MEDIFIT ONLINE CERTIFICATE COURSES HELP?

Short term Professional Courses International Standards courses Opens Global opportunities Career defining Courses Skill Development Programmes Knowledge in short span Learn at your own pace Certification of Completion Immediate Earning Opportunities Positive Social Impact Optimistic Psychological Benefits Improved Standard of Living Study from anywhere & anytime Very Economical Fees