127. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India

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127. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India

 

 

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PAGE
LEGAL NOTICE . . . . . . IX
GENERAL NOTICE . . . . . . X
PREFACE . . . . . . XIV
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . XX
CONTRIBUTING LABORATORIES & INSTITUTIONS . . . XXVIII
MONOGRAPHS
APPENDIX-1

1.1 Apparatus for Tests and Assays 230
1.1.1. – Nessler Cylinder 230
1.1.2. – Sieves 230
1.1.3. – Thermometers 231
1.1.4. – Ultra- Violet Lamp (For general purposes & for chromatography work) 231
1.1.5. – Volumetric Glass War 231
1.1.6 – Weights and Balances 231
1.1.7 – Muslin Cloth 232

APPENDIX -2

2.1 Tests and Determinations 233
2.1.1.- Microscopic identification 233
2.1.2. – Microscopical Methods of Examining Crude Vegetable Drugs 236
2.1.3. – Types of Stomata 239
2.1.4. – Determination of Stomatal Index 240
2.1.5. – Determination of Palisade Ratio 240
2.1.6. – Determination of Vein-Islet Number 241
2.1.7. – Determination of Stomatal Number 242
2.2 Determination of Quantitative Data 242
2.2.1.-Net Content 242
2.2.2.-Foreign Matter 242
2.2.3.-Determination of Toatal Ash242
2.2.4.-Determination of Acid Insoluble Ash 242
2.2.5.- Determination of Water Soluble Ash 243
2.2.6. Determination of Sulphated Ash 243
2.2.7.- Determination of Alcohol Soluble Extractive 243
2.2.8.- Determination of Water Soluble Extractive 243
2.2.9.-Determination of Ehter Soluble Extractive (Fixed Oil Content) 243
2.2.10.- Determination of Moisture Content ( Loss on Drying) 243
2.2.11.- Determination of Water Insoluble Matter 244
2.2.12. -Determination of Volatile Oil in Drugs 244
2.2.13. Special Processes Used in Alkaloidal Assays 245
2.2.13.a. – Continuous Extraction of Drug 245
2.2.13.b. – Tests for Complete Extraction of Alkaloids 245
2.2.14.-Thin- Layer Chromatography (TLC) 246

2.2.15.-Starch Estimation (Mont Gomery, 1957) [Spectrophotometric method] 248
2.2.16.-Sugar Estimation (Mont Gomery,1957)[Spectrophtometric method] 248
2.2.17.-Fatty Oil Estimation 249
2.2.18. –Test for Argemone Oil (Mustard Oil) 249
2.2.19.- Test for the Presence of Cottonseed Oil(Halphen Test) 249
2.2.20. –Test for Clove Oil- Alkali- Soluble Matter 249
2.2.21. –Test for Eucaluptus Oil 249
2.2.22. –Determination of Acidity 250
2.2.23. -Protein Estimation (Lowry et al., 1951) 251
2.2.24.- Method for Alkaloid Estimation 251
2.2.25.- Determination of Esters 251
2.3. Limit Tests 252
2.3.1.- Limit Test for Arsenic 252
2,3,2.- Limit Test for Chlorides 256
2.3.3.- Limit Test for Heavy Metals 256
2.3.4.-Limit Test for Iron 259
2.3.5.- Limit Test for Lead 259
2.3.6.-Limit Test for Sulphates 261
2.3.7.-Heavy Metals by Atomic Absorption Spectorphotometry 261
2.3.8. –Determination of Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic, Mercury and Copper 263
2.3.9.-Determination of Calcium Oxide 266
2.4. Microbial Limit Tests 266
2.4.1.- Total Aerobic Microbial Count 275
2.4.2.- Tests for Specified Miicro-Organisms 277
2.5. Pesticide Residue 280
2.5.1.- Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Pesticide Residues 282
2.5.2.- Test for Pesticides 283
2.5.3.- Quantitative Analysis 284
2.6. Gas Chromatography 286
2.7. Test for Aflatoxins 288

APPENDIX-3
3.1. Physical Tests and Determinations 290
3.1.1. Refractive Index 290
3.1.2. Weight Per Millimetre and Specific Gravity 290
3.1.3. Determination of pH Values 291
3.2. Determination of Melting Range and Congealing Range 291
3.2.1.- Determination of Melting Range 291
3.2.2.- Determination of Congealing Range 293
3.2.3.- Determination of Boiling Range 294
3.3. Determination of Optical Rotation and Specific Optical Rotation 296
3.4. Determination of Viscosity 297
3.5. Determination of Total Solids 298
3.6. Solubility in Water 298
3.7. Determination of Saponification Value 298
3.8. Determination of Iodine Value 298
3.9. Determination of Acid Value 298
3.10. Determination of Peroxide Value 298
3.11. Determination of Unsopanifiable Matter 301
3.12. Detection of Mineral Oil (Holde’s Test) 301
3.13. RancidityTest (Kreis Test) 301
3.14. Determination of Reichert Meissl And Polenske Value 301
3.15. Determination of Alcohol Content 301

APPENDIX- 4
4.1. Reagents and Solutions 307

VIII

APPENDIX-5
5.1. Chemical Tests and Assays 336
5.1.1.- Estimation of Total Phenolic 336
5.1.2.- Estimation of Total Tannins 336
5.1.3.- Estimation of Sugars 336
5.1.3.1.-Reducing sugars 337
5.1.3.2.- Total sugars 337
5.1.3.3.- Non-reducing sugars 337
5.1.4.- Feihe’s Test 338
5.1.5.- Aniline Chloride Test 338
5.1.6.- Determination of Sulphur Dioxide 338
5.1.7.- Determination of Total Reducing Sugars, Sucrose and Fructose-Glucose 340
Ratio
5.2. Estimation of Curcumin by TLC Densitometer 341
5.2.1.-Determination of Aluminium 342
5.2.2.- Determination of Borax 343
5.2.3.- Determination of Calcium 343
5.2.4.- Determination of Copper 343
5.2.5.- Determination of Iron 344
5.2.6.- Determination of Magnesium 345
5.2.7.- Determination of Mercury 345
5.2.8.- Determination of Silica 345
5.2.9.- Estimation of Sodium and Potassium by Flame Photometer 345
5.2.10.- Determination of Sodium Chloride 346
5.2.11.- Determination of Sulphur346
5.2.12.- Qualitative Reactions Some Radicals 346
APPENDIX – 6
6.1. Weights and Measures 349
6.1.1. –Metric Equivalents of Classical Weights and Measures 349
6.2. – Metric system 350
APPENDIX – 7
7.1. Classical Ayurvedic References 351
INDEX 388
English Equivalents of Ayurvedic Cllinical Conditions and Diseases
Monographs published in Volume – I 435
Monographs published in Volume – II 437
Monographs published in Volume – III 439
Monographs published in Volume – IV 441
Monographs published in Volume – V 443

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