123. Water For Food Security & Nutrition

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123. Water For Food Security & Nutrition

 

 

CATEGORY: Diet Nutrition Supplementation – 500 Courses

COURSE NUMBER: 123

FEES: 555/- INR only

CERTIFICATE VALIDITY: Lifetime

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BOOKS/ MANUALS: Pages

Syllabus

Foreword …………………………………………………………………………………………………9
Summary and recommendations………………………………………………………..11
Main findings ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………11
Recommendations ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………19
Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………………….25
1 water for food security and nutrition: challenges from
Global to local………………………………………………………………………………27
1.1 charting the multiple linkages…………………………………………………………………………………..27
1.2 global and regional availability of water resources ……………………………………………………28
1.3 stability of water for fsn ………………………………………………………………………………………….31
1.3.1 inherent, climate-induced variability of water resources over time …………………………31
1.3.2 climate change and induced variability of water resources…………………………………..33
1.3.3 increasing importance of storage and of groundwater resources…………………………..34
1.4 quality of water for fsn ……………………………………………………………………………………………35
1.4.1 safe drinking water and sanitation and hygiene practices…………………………………….35
1.4.2 water quality for food production and transformation …………………………………………..38
1.4.3 water pollution………………………………………………………………………………………………..38
1.5 access to water: increasing and changing competition for the resource and its
Consequences for fsn ……………………………………………………………………………………………..39
1.5.1 water for food production…………………………………………………………………………………40
1.5.2 water for energy and energy for water: impacts on fsn………………………………………41
1.5.3 corporate actors are increasingly competing for water resources………………………….42
1.5.4 impact of growing competition on fsn ………………………………………………………………43
1.5.5 the question of water storage and hydropower…………………………………………………..44
1.6 water for fsn: from the four dimensions of water to the four dimensions
Of food security ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..45
2 managing water scarcities in agriculture and
Food systems to improve fsn ……………………………………………………….47
2.1 managing water and managing systems for water, from ecosystems to
Agricultural food systems …………………………………………………………………………………………47
2.1.1 the role of ecosystems and landscapes to sustain water resources………………………47
2.1.2 an ecosystems approach to water management…………………………………………………48
2.2 improving rainfed agro-ecosystems ………………………………………………………………………….48
2.2.1 rainfed agro-ecosystems…………………………………………………………………………………49
2.2.2 upgrading rainfed agriculture……………………………………………………………………………51
2.2.3 the role of livestock and fisheries ……………………………………………………………………..54
2.2.4 plant and livestock breeding …………………………………………………………………………….55
2.2.5 investing in agro-ecology …………………………………………………………………………………57
2.3 improving water management in irrigated agro-ecosystems………………………………………58
2.3.1 groundwater for irrigation…………………………………………………………………………………59
2.3.2 enhancing irrigation management …………………………………………………………………….61
2.3.3 use and management of marginal quality water………………………………………………….63
2.3.4 desalination……………………………………………………………………………………………………65
2.4 improving water management in food processing……………………………………………………..65

6
2.5 the role of trade as an option to manage/cope with water scarcity/abundance…………..67
2.6 metrics for water management ………………………………………………………………………………….68
2.6.1 water efficiency………………………………………………………………………………………………68
2.6.2 water productivity……………………………………………………………………………………………68
2.6.3 water footprint………………………………………………………………………………………………..70
2.6.4 water in life cycle analysis ……………………………………………………………………………….70
2.6.5 virtual water and virtual water trade…………………………………………………………………..71
2.6.6 different tools, different purposes and different users ………………………………………….72
2.7 research and knowledge on water for fsn ……………………………………………………………….73
2.8 ways forward……………………………………………………………………………………………………………73
3 governing water for fsn………………………………………………………………75
3.1 institutions and actors in changing contexts …………………………………………………………….77
3.1.1 a multiplicity of institutions at national levels ………………………………………………………77
3.1.2 international level institutions and initiatives ……………………………………………………….79
3.1.3 a diversity of actors with contrasting powers ………………………………………………………81
3.1.4 new challenges for institutions confronted by changes: do institutions fit
To new actors and new dynamics? …………………………………………………………………….85
3.2 tools to manage scarcities and competition ……………………………………………………………..89
3.2.1 water allocation and fsn ………………………………………………………………………………..90
3.2.2 water use authorization …………………………………………………………………………………..91
3.2.3 tradable water permits systems ……………………………………………………………………….92
3.2.4 water pricing ………………………………………………………………………………………………….92
3.3 ways forward for better governance………………………………………………………………………….94
3.3.1 address the challenge of integration and priorization …………………………………………..94
3.3.2 integrate water and fsn concerns in land and ecosystems governance………………..97
3.3.3 consider adaptive management and co-management, while addressing
Related issues …………………………………………………………………………………………………98
3.3.4 strengthen local organizations and their roles …………………………………………………….99
3.4 a rights-based approach to water for fsn……………………………………………………………….100
3.4.1 a human rights-based approach to water governance for food security………………..100
3.4.2 potential relationships between the right to food and the right to drinking water
And sanitation and related challenges………………………………………………………………104
3.4.3 extra-territoriality of obligations ……………………………………………………………………….105
3.5 ways forward for integrated and inclusive water governance for fsn……………………..106
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………107
Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………………………………109
Editorial note ……………………………………………………………………………………..109
References…………………………………………………………………………………………..110
Appendix ………………………………………………………………………………………………..127
The hlpe project cycle……………………………………………………………………………………………………127

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